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LAKEHEAD CALENDAR 2009-2010

Lakehead 2009-2010 Academic Units Undergraduate Programs and Courses Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies Department of Biology Biology Programs
Biology Programs

The Department of Biology offers the following programs:
1. BSc (Biology Major) Three Year and Four Year Programs
2. Honours BSc (Biology) Four Year Program
3. Honours BSc (Biology and Chemistry Majors) Four Year Program, see page 191
4. BSc (Biology and Chemistry Majors) Four Year Program, see page 191
5. BSc (Natural Science Major) Three Year Program
6. BSc (Natural Science Major) College Transfer Program
7. BSc (Natural Science Major)/Honours Bachelor of Outdoor Recreation
8. HBESc (Biology Major) Four Year Program, see page 174
9. Concurrent programs with Education, see page 60
10. MSc (Biology), see page 300.

All stipulated courses are required. Elective courses must be selected in consultation with the student's program advisor. The student is referred to the Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies requirement, page 152 on the necessary mark to continue in a biology program.

Students are also advised of the interdisciplinary minor concentration in Northern Studies, page 195.

BIOLOGY ELECTIVE LISTS

Students are encouraged to select elective courses that are congruent with one of the following two lists: (A) Cell and Molecular Biology, (B) Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology. Students are advised to contact a Biology advisor regarding elective courses. Students in third year must choose one and one-half FCEs at the third or fourth-year level from each list.

List A (Cell and Molecular Biology)
Biology 3135 - Molecular Genetics
Biology 3250 - Comparative Animal Physiology I
Biology 3251 - Comparative Animal Physiology II
Biology 3252 - Biochemistry I
Biology 3272 - Biochemistry II
Biology 3330 - Molecular Biology of Development
Biology 3470 - Plant Physiology and Biotechnology
Biology 3711 - Pathogenic Bacteriology
Biology 3770 - Biology of Food Safety
Biology 4101 - Honours Thesis
Biology 4230 - Cancer Biology
Biology 4650 - Issues in Biotechnology
Biology 4751 - Neurobiology I
Biology 4752 -Neurobiology II
Biology 4770 - Food Microbiology
Biology 4830 - Endocrinology
Biology 4850 - Neurochemistry
Biology 4855 - Pharmacology

List B (Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology)
Biology 3114 - Plant Ecology
Biology 3151 - Biogeography
Biology 3219 - The Evolution of Vertebrates
Biology 3221 - Invertebrate Zoology
Biology 3313 - Ecological Structure in Northern Environments
Biology 3351 - Plants and People
Biology 3610 - Environmental Biology
Biology 3671 - Evolutionary Concepts*
Biology 4101 - Honours Thesis
Biology 4113 - Community Ecology
Biology 4115 - Ecology of Disturbed Habitats
Biology 4117 - Advances in Contemporary Ecology
Biology 4211 - Mammalogy
Biology 4212 - Biology of Fishes
Biology 4231 - Ornithology
Biology 4252 - Conservation Ecology
Biology 4430 - Wetland Ecology
Biology 4435 - Herpetology
Biology 4710 - Limnology
Biology 4711 - Applied and Environmental Microbiology
*Required course for Biology majors

 

1. BSc (Biology Major)

Three Year and Four Year programs
The programs permit students to select courses according to their career aspirations. In addition to a variety of elective courses there is a set of core courses. Each student is required to take each of the following compulsory courses:

Biology 1110 - Animal Biology
Biology 1130 - Plant Biology
Biology 2171 - Genetics
Biology 2210 - Introductory Ecology
Biology 2230 - Cell Biology
Biology 3671 - Evolutionary Concepts

Students are encouraged to select elective courses that are congruent with one of the following two lists: (a) Cell and Molecular Biology, (b) Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology.
Students are advised to contact a Biology advisor regarding elective courses. See the Biology Elective Lists above.

First Year:
(a) Biology 1110, 1130
(b) Chemistry 1110, 1130
(c) A half-course elective
(d) Mathematics 1160 or 1180
(e) One FCE in Science other than Biology
(f) A half-course non-Science elective
Note:
Students considering a career in the health sciences are advised to take Physics 1101, or 1113 and 1133.

Second Year:
(a) Biology 2171, 2210, and 2230
(b) A half-course elective in Biology
(c) Mathematics 2321 or the combination of Mathematics 2331 and 2333
(d) Two of: Chemistry 2111, 2211, 2231
(e) A half-course in Science other than Biology
(f) A half-course elective

Third Year:
(a) Biology 3671
(b) One and one-half FCEs selected from courses in List A
(c) One and one-half FCEs selected from courses in List B
(d) A half-course in Biology
(e) A half-course non-Science elective
(f) A half-course elective

Fourth Year:
(a) Three FCEs in Biology at the third year level or higher
(b) One and one-half FCE electives in Science at the third year level or higher
(c) A half-course non-Science elective

 

2. Honours BSc (Biology Major)

Four Year program
A student may in consultation with the department, enter the Honours BSc program in biology in any year providing an overall B average has been attained in the biology courses of the preceding years.

An overall average of at least 70% in all biology courses taken in the fourth year must be maintained. Should the B average not be attained, the student may apply for the BSc (Biology) Four Year degree.

At least ten Biology courses must be taken during the four years, six of which must be at the third year level or higher. The first three years of the Honours BSc program is the same as the first three years of the BSc (Biology Major) Three Year Program.

Fourth Year:
(a) Three FCEs in Biology at the third year level or higher
(b) One and one-half FCE electives in Science at the third year level or higher
(c) A half-course non-Science elective

Note:
Students considering graduate studies in Biology are encouraged to take Biology 4101.

 

3. Honours BSc (Biology and Chemistry Majors)

Four Year program
See Department of Chemistry, page 191.

 

4. BSc (Biology and Chemistry Majors)

Four Year program
See Department of Chemistry, page 191.

 

5. BSc (Biology and Chemistry Majors)

Three Year program
No students will be admitted to this program after 2008-2009.

First Year:
(a) Biology 1110, 1130
(b) Chemistry 1110, 1130
(c) One FCE in English (any combination of English 1011, 1031, 1111, or 1112)
(d) Mathematics 1180
(e) Physics 1101

Second Year:
(a) Biology 2171, 2210, and 2230
(b) A half-course elective in Biology
(c) Chemistry 2211, 2231, 2351, 2411
(d) One FCE elective

Third Year:
(a) Biology 3671
(b) One and a half FCE electives in Biology
(c) Chemistry 2111, 2412, 3251, 3271
(d) One FCE elective

Notes:
1. Students should consult their program advisor about completing the Biology Honours Program or the Chemistry Honours Program.
2. For students intending to enter the Biology Major Four Year or Honours programs, Mathematics 2321 is required.
3. For students intending to enter the Chemistry Major Honours program, Mathematics 2111 and Chemistry 3371 are required.

 

6. BSc (Natural Science Major)

Three Year program

First Year:
(a) Biology 1110, 1130
(b) One FCE in English (any combination of English 1011, 1031, 1111, or 1112)
(c) Philosophy 1100
(d) One FCE science elective course other than Biology
(e) One FCE elective course

Second Year:
(a) Biology 2210 and either Biology 2171 or 2230
(b) One FCE elective in Biology
(c) One FCE elective in Science other than Biology
(d) One FCE elective at the second year level or higher, chosen from courses within the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
(e) One FCE elective

Third Year:
(a) Two FCE electives in Biology
(b) One FCE elective in Science other than Biology
(c) One FCE elective at the third year level or higher, chosen from courses within the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
(d) One FCE elective

Note:
No more than seven courses may be taken at the first year level.

7. BSc (Natural Science Major)
College Transfer Program

Graduates of any accredited two-year forestry/forest technician/forest wildlife diploma program, wishing to enter the BSc (Natural Science Major) degree program, must have obtained an overall average of 60% in the final year of the diploma program. The equivalent of 10 full university courses must be taken for the degree. Students should consult with the Department of Biology for course selection. Forestry Diploma graduates enter year two of the Natural Science program.

8. BSc (Natural Science Major)/ Honours Bachelor of Outdoor Recreation

Four Year program
for students entering the program in September 2007 or after

First Year:
(a) Outdoor Recreation 1010, 1070
(b) Outdoor Recreation 1910, 1930 (non-credit courses)
(c) Biology 1110 and 1130
(d) English 1011 and 1031
(e) One of: Anthropology 1032 and 1034; Economics 1100; Geography 1120; Political Science 1100; Psychology 1100; Sociology 1100
(f) One FCE elective in Science other than Biology

Second Year:
(a) Outdoor Recreation 2210, 2270, 2310, 2350, 2510, 2750, 2810
(b) Biology 2210
(c) Either Biology 2171 or 2230
(d) One half-course elective in Science other than Biology

Third Year:
(a) Outdoor Recreation 3230, 3370, 3510
(b) Three half-courses in Outdoor Recreation at the third year level
(c) One and one half FCE electives in Biology
(d) One half-course elective in Science other than Biology

Fourth Year:
(a) Four half-courses in Outdoor Recreation at the fourth year level
(a) One and one half FCE elective courses in Biology
(b) One and one half FCEs in Science, one of which may be in Biology

(a) Specialization in Leadership

Years 1 and 2 are the same as for the HBOR double-degree program.

By the third year, students may select the leadership specialization which will be noted on their transcripts. Students must successfully complete five half courses from:

Required Leadership Course: OUTD 3312, 4371
Elective Leadership Courses: OUTD 3075, 3171, 3310, 3311, 3331, 3410, 3610, 4075, 4131, 4311, 4351, 4411, 4611

Courses may not be double-counted to complete a second specialization. OUTD 3075 and 4075 must be retaken with a new project in the second specialization.

(b) Specialization in Parks

Years 1 and 2 are the same as for the HBOR double-degree program.

By the third year, students may select the parks specialization which will be noted on their transcripts. Students must successfully complete five half courses from:

Required Parks Course: OUTD 3811, 3812, 4810
Elective Parks Courses: OUTD 3075, 3410, 3415, 3610, 3731, 3771, 3831, 4075, 4170, 4411, 4415, 4611, 4732, 4813, 4815

Courses may not be double-counted to complete a second specialization. OUTD 3075 and 4075 must be retaken with a new project in the second specialization.

(c) Specialization in Tourism

Years 1 and 2 are the same as for the HBOR double-degree program.

By the third year, students may select the tourism specialization which will be noted on their transcripts. Students must successfully complete five half courses from:

Required Tourism Courses: OUTD 3731, 3733, 3771
Elective Tourism Courses: OUTD 3075, 3410, 3531, 4075, 4510, 4732, 4733, 4813, 4815, 4917

Students in the Tourism Specialization are recommended to take as electives the Entrepreneur Certificate courses in the Faculty of Business Administration.

Courses may not be double-counted to complete a second specialization. OUTD 3075 and 4075 must be retaken with a new project in the second specialization.

Note:
1. Please consult with the Biology Department for suggested Science courses.

2. The admission requirements and general regulations for the Honours Bachelor of Outdoor Recreation four-year program (see page 141) also apply to this program.

9. BSc (Natural Science Major)/ Honours Bachelor of Outdoor Recreation

Four Year program
for students entering the program before September 2007

Third Year:
(a) One and one half FCE electives in Biology
(b) One FCE elective in Science other than Biology
(c) Outdoor Recreation 3230, 3370, 3510
(d) Four third year Outdoor Recreation half courses

Fourth Year:
(a) One and one half FCE elective courses in Biology
(b) Two FCE elective courses in Science, one of which may be in Biology
(c) Four fourth year Outdoor Recreation half courses

(a) Specialization in Leadership

Years 1 and 2 are the same as for the HBOR double-degree program.

By the third year, students may select the leadership specialization which will be noted on their transcripts. Students must successfully complete five half courses from:

Required Leadership Course: OUTD 3312, 4371
Elective Leadership Courses: OUTD 3075, 3171, 3310, 3311, 3331, 3410, 3610, 4075, 4131, 4311, 4351, 4411, 4611

Courses may not be double-counted to complete a second specialization. OUTD 3075 and 4075 must be retaken with a new project in the second specialization.

(b) Specialization in Parks

Years 1 and 2 are the same as for the HBOR double-degree program.

By the third year, students may select the parks specialization which will be noted on their transcripts. Students must successfully complete five half courses from:

Required Parks Course: OUTD 3811, 3812, 4810
Elective Parks Courses: OUTD 3075, 3410, 3415, 3610, 3731, 3771, 3831, 4075, 4170, 4411, 4415, 4611, 4732, 4813, 4815

Courses may not be double-counted to complete a second specialization. OUTD 3075 and 4075 must be retaken with a new project in the second specialization.

(c) Specialization in Tourism

Years 1 and 2 are the same as for the HBOR double-degree program.

By the third year, students may select the tourism specialization which will be noted on their transcripts. Students must successfully complete five half courses from:

Required Tourism Courses: OUTD 3731, 3733, 3771
Elective Tourism Courses: OUTD 3075, 3410, 3531, 4075, 4510, 4732, 4733, 4813, 4815, 4917

Students in the Tourism Specialization are recommended to take as electives the Entrepreneur Certificate courses in the Faculty of Business Administration.

Courses may not be double-counted to complete a second specialization. OUTD 3075 and 4075 must be retaken with a new project in the second specialization.

Note:
1. Please consult with the Biology Department for suggested Science courses.

2. The admission requirements and general regulations for the Honours Bachelor of Outdoor Recreation four-year program (see page 141) also apply to this program.

10. HBESc (Biology Major)

See Division of Environmental Studies page 174.

11. Concurrent Programs with Education

A. The Honours BSc (Biology) degree is offered concurrently with a Bachelor of Education degree (I/S Specialization only). Prior to the Professional Year, students should follow the HBSc program requirements; however, they should also include the prior to entry into the Professional Year requirements of the Intermediate-Senior Specialization, as listed on pages 70-71. For more information about concurrent programs, see the Faculty of Education, Department of Undergraduate Studies in Education, starting on page 65.
B. The HBESc (Biology) is also offered concurrently with a Bachelor of Education degree (Intermediate-Senior Specialization only).
Note:
For students in concurrent honours bachelor degree programs, 1.5 FCEs of required Education courses will be taken instead of electives in the HBSc or HBESc program, prior to entering the Professional Year.

C. The BSc (Natural Science) 3-year degree is offered concurrently with a Bachelor of Education degree (P/J and J/I Specializations only). The BSc (Biology and Chemistry) 4-year degree and 3-year degree (no new admissions after 2008-2009) are offered concurrently with a Bachelor of Education degree (I/S Specialization only). For more information about the concurrent bachelor degree programs, see the Faculty of Education, Department of Undergraduate Studies in Education, starting on page 65.

12. Master of Science Degree in Biology

See Faculty of Graduate Studies, Graduate Programs offered by the Department of Biology, page 300.