The Department of Undergraduate Studies in Education prepares students for careers as teachers by focusing on courses meant to enhance skills, knowledge and attitudes which support effective teaching.
Four elements characterize the Faculty's programs:
i) A foundation in liberal studies considered likely to foster the intellectual curiosity, creativity, and broad knowledge necessary for effective teaching.
ii) The study of human learning and development, within a social and cultural context and in relation to instructional and management techniques within educational settings.
iii) The study of curriculum and methods of instruction.
iv) The opportunity to observe effective teaching and to apply and develop instructional approaches in classroom settings through supervised student teaching.
Bachelor of Education (BEd) Programs
All BEd programs are accredited through the Ontario College of Teachers (OCT). Graduates are recommended to the OCT for certification to teach in Ontario schools.
1. One-Year BEd program
A Professional Year of study after the completion of an approved university degree.
2. Five-year concurrent honours bachelor degree program
Professional courses are completed as part of a 5-year double degree. Students receive a BEd and an honours degree in a partnering discipline. The final (Professional) year has an emphasis on a special topic.
3. Four-year concurrent bachelor degree program
Education courses are completed as part of a 4 year double degree. Students receive a BEd and a degree in a partnering discipline. The final (Professional) year is identical to the one year BEd.
Levels and Teachables
Programs are divided according to the age and grade level at which the student intends to teach as follows:
Primary/Junior (Kindergarten to Grade 6). Teachers at this level must be prepared to teach students all subjects so programs include courses in a variety of subjects taught in the elementary school. No specific teachable is required.
Junior/Intermediate (Grades 4 to 10). Teachers at this level must be prepared to teach students all subjects so programs include courses in a variety of subjects taught in the elementary school. Students must also have additional background (3 full course equivalents, except French and Music), in one of the following teachable subjects: Computer Studies, English, French as a Second Language (5 FCEs required), Geography, Health and Physical Education, History, Mathematics, Music - Instrumental (Music Degree required), Music - Vocal - Music Degree required), Native Languages, Native Studies, Science - General*, and Visual Arts.
*Sciences used towards the General Science teachable may be a combination of: Anthropology (Science courses only), Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Studies (Science Stream only), Geology (Earth Sciences), and Physics. The Professional Year includes a methodology course on the curriculum and instruction of the teachable subject. In J/I the teachable subject is normally, but not necessarily always, the same as the major subject of the bachelor's degree.
Intermediate/Senior (Grades 7 to 12). Intermediate/Senior students must take courses in two teachable subjects, Students must have a minimum of 5 FCEs in their first teachable and a minimum of 3 FCEs in their second teachable. In either case, at least 1 FCE must be at a senior level and exceptions to this are noted below. ("Senior level" denotes courses at a third- or fourth-year undergraduate level.)
The following Intermediate/Senior teachable subjects are available at the Faculty of Education at Lakehead University:
Business Studies - Accounting
French (as a Second Language)
Health and Physical Education
Music - Instrumental
Music - Vocal
Native Languages (with the language stipulated)
Science - Biology
Science - Chemistry
Science - Physics
Science - General
Social Sciences - General
Students may take any combination of two teachables except Chemistry and Physics.
Business Studies - Accounting - Business can only be taken as a first teachable. At least 1 FCE of the Business courses must be in Accounting.
Environmental Science - Students who designate Environmental Science as a teachable will be streamed into the Outdoor Ecological and Experiential Education (OE3) cohort. Entry into OE3 requires either 5 FCEs (first teachable) or 3 FCEs (second teachable) from any combination of Environmental Science , Environmental Education, Ecological Education, Ecology, Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Geology, Outdoor Recreation,Physics, or up to three from any of the following disciplines: Anthropology; English; Forestry; French, History; Native Studies; Philosophy; Physical Education/Kinesiology; Sociology, or Psychology. At least 1 course must be at a senior level.
French (as a Second Language) - Requires 5 FCEs in French for a first or second teachable, at least 1 FCE of which must be at a senior level.
Health and Physical Education - Students applying for health and physical education as a second teachable are not required to have 1 FCE at a senior level.
Music - Requires a Music degree.
Native Languages (with the language stipulated) - Students may use a Native Language Teacher Certificate of Qualification from the Ontario College of Teachers to qualify for Native Language as a second teachable.
Science - General - Courses used toward General Science may be any combination of at least two of: Anthropology (Science courses only), Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Studies (Science Stream only), Geology (Earth Sciences), Meteorology and Physics.
Social Sciences - General - Can only be taken as a second teachable (requiring 3 FCEs, at least 1 FCE of which must be at a senior level). Courses counted toward this teachable may be any combination of at least two of: Anthropology, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology.
Visual Arts - Requires a Visual Arts or Fine Arts degree.
The Professional Year includes methodology courses on the curriculum and instruction in the teachable subjects. In I/S the teachable subject is normally, but not necessarily always, the same as the major subject of the bachelor's degree. The second teachable may be the second major of a double major degree, a minor with the major in a bachelor's degree, a recognized minor noted on the student's transcript, or merely the required 3 FCEs (except French, which requires 5 FCEs).
See Requirements for Admission to Undergraduate Degree Programs in the Admission Requirements and Registration section of this Calendar, page 30.
1. Conditions for Maintaining Status in a Concurrent Program
a) A concurrent education student must meet the requirements of the partner degree.
b) A concurrent education student must maintain a minimum cumulative average of 65%.
c) Students who fail to attain the 65% cumulative average may continue "On Probation" for one year.
d) Students on probation are not eligible to take Education courses.
2. Conditions for proceeding into the Professional Year of a concurrent bachelor program
a) To proceed into the Professional Year of a concurrent bachelor program, a student must have fulfilled all of the requirements of the first, second, and third years of the program with:
- a 65% minimum cumulative average.
- a 65% minimum major average.
- a 65% minimum cumulative average in each teachable.
b) To proceed into the Professional Year of a concurrent honours bachelor program, a student must have fulfilled all of the requirements of the first, second, third, and fourth years of the honours program with:
- a 65% minimum cumulative average.
- a 70% minimum major average.
- a 65% minimum cumulative average in each teachable.
c) Students intending to enter the Professional Year must notify the Department of Undergraduate Studies in Education by November 30 of the preceding year. Students who apply by the November deadline will have until August 15 to provide evidence that they have met requirements. Eligible students will register for the Professional Year between May 30 and August 1. Students not registered by August 1 will be deemed to have deferred.
d) Students who attempt but do not complete the concurrent honours bachelor program may enter the concurrent bachelor Professional Year if they meet the conditions for proceeding into the Professional Year of a concurrent bachelor program. Credits previously taken do not count toward the 5.5 FCEs required during the Professional Year.
e) By December 1 of each year, the Faculty of Education will produce a list of possible special topics available to concurrent honours bachelor degree students for the subsequent year. Students will indicate their preferred special topic by January 31. Special topics with insufficient interest will be cancelled and students will have opportunity to select an alternate section.
3. Professional Year Requirements
a) The Professional Year is an integrated program of foundational and methodological studies enhanced through periods of intense practical application, and requires full-time attendance. Students are expected to maintain a professional, responsible approach to both classes and student teaching placements. A student whose attendance is deemed to be unsatisfactory may have his or her registration cancelled at any time. (See University Regulations, VIII Deficiency clause (d), page 46.)
b) A student in the Professional Year who has failed to maintain a 65% cumulative average and/or has more than one FCE below 60% and by the end of February is in jeopardy of failing to meet certification standards will be required to delay the second practicum placement until he or she has addressed academic deficiencies. If a student has more than one FCE below 60%, he or she will be required to address that academic deficiency before his or her name will be submitted to the Ontario Teachers' College for professional certification and before being permitted to graduate. Students may be permitted to repeat up to two FCEs of Professional Year courses in order to raise their averages to acceptable levels.
c) Primary-Junior students are required to demonstrate mathematics proficiency in conjunction with the Mathematics methods courses, Education 4050 (Curriculum and Instruction in Mathematics, Primary-Junior), taken in the Professional Year. PJ students must pass, to a 75% level of competence, an examination set at the Ontario Gr. 6/7 level. Students who do not pass the initial sitting in the fall may retake the test the following March. Students who do not pass the Mathematics Content examination in March will not be recommended for teacher certification in the Province of Ontario. For more information contact the Department of Undergraduate Studies in Education.
Junior-Intermediate students must pass the three components of the mathematics methods course, Education 4151 (Curriculum and Instruction in Mathematics, Junior-Intermediate), taken during the Professional Year, namely the term work, the culminating project, and the final "mathematics for teaching examination" written in March. To demonstrate sufficient mathematical ecompetence and thereby pass the course, students must score a minimum of 60% on that final examination.
Students who are not successful on the initial writing of the examination may rewrite an additional examination to be arranged by the instructor.
4. Professional Placement
a) Placements for all Professional Year students are arranged by the Faculty of Education with specified partnership boards, school authorities, and band-controlled schools in Ontario. Students on placements must maintain the high professional standards expected of all teachers. To ensure the integrity of the field evaluation process, placements are arranged solely by the institution. Teacher candidates requesting Thunder Bay placements may need to select another partnership board outside of Thunder Bay if sufficient appropriate placements are not available. The University recognizes the role of members of the teaching profession in the education of novice teachers, including their contributions to the recommendation of candidates for certification.
b) Police Background Check
Ontario schools require that teacher candidates present a police background check to school officials prior to starting a professional placement.
c) TB Documentation
Tuberculosis documentation is not required for teacher certification, but may be required by a partnership board for a placement.
d) Safe Practice
Students on placements must maintain the high professional standards expected of all teachers. Safe practice requires that teacher candidates: a) hold the safety and security of students in higher regard than their own rights and privileges; b) maintain classroom routines and expectations; c) cope with the emotional, intellectual and physical, demands of the classroom; and d) provide a safe, secure, environment for children. A teacher candidate may be excluded from the placement when his/her performance is deemed to be unsafe. Unsafe practice is any situation arising from a candidate's interaction with students or colleagues which places these students, colleagues, or the candidate himself/herself at risk or harm.
e) Language Competence in the Practicum
If a teacher candidate's language competence is judged by an associate teacher to compromise effective teaching and learning, the associate teacher should contact the faculty advisor.
If a teacher candidate's command of the English language does not allow for effective communication with the students in his/her classroom, the placement will be terminated. In order to continue to the second practicum placement, the teacher candidate will need to demonstrate to a Practicum Review Committee a professional level of proficiency in the following areas:
i) listening comprehension skills;
ii) pronunciation and articulation;
iii) verbal fluency;
iv) an appropriate range and accuracy of diction;
v) appropriate syntax and usage.
f) Additional Professional Year Placement
Teacher candidates may require one additional placement in order to successfully demonstrate their professionalism, independence, and competence. Candidates who have not met this standard by the end of the additional placement attempt will receive a failing grade in ED4499.
See University Regulations page 43, Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies Regulations page 177, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities Regulations page 231 and Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences Regulations page 149.