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LAKEHEAD CALENDAR 2009-2010

Lakehead 2009-2010 Academic Courses Undergraduate Courses Geography Courses
Geography Courses

Courses not offered this academic year (fall/winter terms) are indicated by the words "NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR" below the course description. Nevertheless, students should refer to the Timetable as a final check.

Science/Arts Credit
The following courses are acceptable for either Science or Arts credit:
Geography 1120/Environmental Studies 1120 - Environmental Issues: A Geographical Approach
Geography 2211 - Map and Air Photo Interpretation
Geography 2251 - Geographical Inquiry and Interpretation
Geography 2271 - Quantitative Methods in Geography
Geography 2331/Environmental Studies 2331 - Climatology
Geography 2351/Environmental Studies 2351 - Geomorphology
Geography 3251 - Geographical Information Systems
Geography 3253 - Cartography
Geography 3311/Environmental Studies 3311 - Environmental Geomorphology
Geography 3313 - Introduction to Soil Science
Geography 3331/Environmental Studies 3331 - Environmental Climatology
Geography 3411/Environmental Studies 3411 - Resource Management
Geography 3431/Environmental Studies 3431 - Geography of Energy
Geography 3471/Environmental Studies 3471 - Environmental Assessment and Management
Geography 3671/Northern Studies 3671 - Geography of Polar Regions
Geography 3691/Environmental Studies 3691 - Landscapes
Geography 3693 - Geography of Northern Europe
Geography 4211 - Advanced GIS & Spatial Analysis
Geography 4231 - Remote Sensing
Geography 4271 - Field Studies
Geography 4291 - International Field Study
Geography 4331/Environmental Studies 4331 - Geomorphology: Fluvial Processes
Geography 4333 - Advanced Glacial Geomorphology
Geography 4351/Environmental Studies 4351 - Climatology: Climate Change
Geography 4371/Environmental Studies 4371 - Climatology: Local and Microclimates
Geography 4411/Environmental Studies 4411 - Water Resource Management
Geography 4431/Environmental Studies 4431 - Conservation Geography
Geography 4451/Environmental Studies 4451 - Geography of Risk and Hazard
Geography 4831 - Indigenous Geographies of Mountain Areas

Geography 1120      Environmental Issues: A Geographical Approach
Credit Weight: 1
Description: An introduction to current environmental issues using an approach which stresses the interrelationships between environments and societies. The major environmental and societal components of the earth/atmosphere system will be examined to provide a base for the consideration of the nature and development of modern environmental problems. Potential solutions to the problems will be evaluated through consideration of such elements as technology, politics, economics and planning.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 1120
Offering: 3-0; 3-0
Notes: This course may not be taken by any student who has taken or is currently enrolled in EA 1110.
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Geography 2211      Map and Air Photo Interpretation
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 or permission of the instructor
Description: The first half of this course examines basic cartographic concepts and map reading skills related to understanding and analyzing spatial information. The second half covers manual air photo interpretation skills and making measurements from aerial photography (photogrammetry).
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Notes: Enrolment limited, with priority to Geography majors, due to limitation of laboratory space and/or availability of computers.
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Geography 2251      Geographical Inquiry and Interpretation
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 or permission of the instructor
Description: Approaches to the collection, analysis, display, and interpretation of information pertaining to geographical landscapes. Introduction to philosophical and methodological traditions of geographical inquiry.
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Notes: Enrolment limited, with priority to Geography majors, due to limitation of laboratory space and/or availability of computers.
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Geography 2271      Quantitative Methods in Geography
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120
Description: Methods and techniques for handling, describing and analyzing geographical data. The application of statistical and mathematical techniques in geography.
Offering: 3-1.5; or 3-1.5
Notes: Enrolment limited, with priority to Geography majors, due to limitation of laboratory space and/or availability of computers.
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Geography 2331      Climatology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 or permission of the instructor
Description: An examination of atmosphere processes, weather phenomena, macroclimates, microclimates and the nature of climatic change. Laboratory work will include the analysis of meteorological and climatological data and the study of weather maps.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 2331
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Notes: This course may not be taken by students who have already taken Geography 1310. Enrolment limited, with priority to Geography majors, due to limitation of laboratory space and/or availability of computers.
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Geography 2351      Geomorphology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 or permission of the instructor
Description: An examination of terrestrial and marine geomorphological processes, and the effects of structure, time and climatic change on the development of landforms. Laboratory work will include the analysis of landforms from maps and aerial photographs.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 2351
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Notes: Enrolment limited, with priority to Geography majors, due to limitation of laboratory space and/or availability of computers.
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Geography 2511      Economic Geography
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 or permission of the instructor
Description: The geographical view of economic activities, examining spatial organization and spatial interaction within and between local, regional and world economies. Locational characteristics of primary, secondary and tertiary activities are evaluated, focusing on topics of current concern.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: May not be taken as Economics 2511.
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Geography 2811      Cultural Geography
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 or permission of the Department
Description: Examination of the spatial aspects of human culture and of the techniques used to study them. Topics covered include cultural regions, cultural diffusion, agricultural patterns and the spatial aspects of politics, language, religion, race and ethnicity.
Notes: This course may not be taken by students who have taken Geography 1100. Students with 1100 who are in a program for which Geography 2811 is required should replace Geography 2811 with a half course in Geography at the third year level.
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Geography 3251      Geographical Information Systems
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2211 or permission of the instructor
Description: An introduction to GIS database construction, spatial concepts and model building. Laboratory work includes a sequence of tutorials and small projects that will demonstrate the application of Geographic Information Systems to a variety of spatial inquiries.
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Notes: May not be taken as Outdoor Recreation 3415. Enrolment limited, with priority to Geography majors, due to limitation of laboratory space and/or availability of computers.
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Geography 3253      Cartography
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2211, 2251, and 2271, or permission of the instructor
Description: A rigorous introduction to the history, theory and techniques of cartography, with a particular focus on computer cartography. Successful students will produce several professional-quality maps during the course.
Offering: 3-2; or 3-2
Notes: Open only to students in the third or fourth year an Honours Geography program, except with permission of the instructor.
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Geography 3255      Geography Field Methods
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Completion of the second year of an Honours Program in Geography or permission of the Department*
Description:

An introduction to field methods used by geographers through a series of off-campus labs, field trips and weekend field excursions. Topics covered will vary from year to year, dependent on the expertise of the course instructors, but will include physical, human and environmental aspects of Geography.

An extra course fee will be charged to cover travel and accommodation costs. Students will be required to have personal gear and equipment necessary to carry out field work. These equipment needs will be posted on the Department's website from year to year.


Offering: 2-4; 0-0
Notes: *Students in other programs may be permitted to join the course provided space is available and background in a cognate discipline has been attained.
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Geography 3311      Environmental Geomorphology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2351 or permission of the Department
Description: An examination of applied geomorphological studies in selected fields and their use in determining the physical impact of human activities and assessing environmental quality.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3311
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
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Geography 3313      Introduction to Soil Science
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2351 or permission of the instructor
Description: An introduction to the principles of soil science. Soil will be studied as an organized natural body, composed of unconsolidated solid material, living material, gases and water. Laboratory exercises and field work will be used to demonstrate concepts associated with soil testing and research.
Offering: 3-2 or 3-2
Notes: Enrolment limited, with priority to Geography majors, due to limitation of laboratory space.
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Geography 3315      Glacial Systems
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2351 or permission of the instructor
Description: A systems approach to understanding the processes, deposits and nature of past glaciations in earth history. Glacial deposits from Precambrian to Recent will be examined, with such topics such as the geochronology of Recent deposits, the effects of northern hemisphere glaciation and the use of glacial deposits in mineral exploration. Students will be required to attend a number of day-long field trips to study local glacial deposits.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: May not be taken as Geology 3130
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Geography 3317      Fluvial Geomorphology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2351 or permission of the instructor
Description: An examination of selected aspects of fluvial processes, sediments and landforms.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3317
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third or fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor.
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Geography 3331      Environmental Climatology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 and Geography 2331; or permission of the Department
Description: An examination of those global environmental issues which have a climatological element in their make-up. Topics to be covered will include acid rain, global warming, atmospheric turbidity, ozone depletion and nuclear winter. Each will be considered in terms of its causes, impacts and potential solution.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3331
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
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Geography 3411      Resource Management
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 or permission of the instructor
Description: A focus on resource management from ecological, economic, social/behavioural and institutional/decision-making perspectives. Emphasis given to the distribution and use of a variety of resources, problems of resource and environmental management, the need for integrative and interdisciplinary approaches as well as critical but constructive approaches to problem solving in resource management, and how to deal with uncertainty.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3411
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
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Geography 3431      Geography of Energy
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120
Description: A geographical approach to the development and utilization of energy resources. The history and impact of past and present energy use will be examined. Current and proposed Canadian and international efforts to reduce emissions associated with energy will be featured.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3431
Offering: 3-2; or 3-2
Notes: Open only to students in the third or fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor.
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Geography 3471      Environmental Assessment and Management
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An examination of the basic principles of biophysical and socio-economic impact assessment and how these are integrated into environmental management policies. Particular attention will be paid to environmental management systems.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3471
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Also available through Distance Education.
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Geography 3531      Behavioural Geography
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2811
Description: Examination of the role of spatial cognition in geographical behaviour. The importance of mental maps, territoriality and stereotyping in spatial behaviour. Examination of cultural and personal variations in attitudes towards landscape in regional and world images and in reactions to natural hazards.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third or fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor. Students who have taken Geography 4531 previously may not take Geography 3531 for credit.
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Geography 3611      Geography of the United States
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120
Description: Approaches to various physical, cultural and economic elements of the geography of the United States of America: the country as a whole and selected problem areas.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor.
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Geography 3631      Geography of Canada
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120
Description: Regional geography of Canada with an emphasis on physical setting of regions, spatial patterns of economic activities and urbanization, core-periphery relationships between and within regions, and national and regional impacts of global economic restructuring.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor. Students who have taken Geography 2631 previously may not take Geography 3631 for credit.
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Geography 3651      Geography of the Provincial Norths
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120
Description: Study of the various physical, cultural and economic features of the geography of the northern regions of the larger provinces. Special attention is given to the distinctive aspects which confer advantages on, or create problems for these regions. Topics include: definitions and characteristics of northern regions; hinterland and resource relationships; northern landscapes and Canadian culture; social and spatial relations. Examples are drawn especially from the region of Northwestern Ontario.
Cross-List(s): Northern Studies 3651
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor.
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Geography 3671      Geography of Polar Regions
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 or permission of the instructor
Description: An exploration of the commonalities and differences of the Arctic and Antarctic; with an emphasis on physical environments, natural resources, conservation, indigenous peoples and international concerns.
Cross-List(s): Northern Studies 3671
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor.
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Geography 3691      Landscapes
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2251; or open to students in the third or fourth year of any program with permission of the instructor
Description: A detailed overview of the bio-cultural regions of the world, focussing on their pre-industrial state, the impacts of globalization, and current and future efforts to foster long-term bio-cultural sustainability. The course includes a strong exposure to developing detailed proposals for fieldwork in remote areas.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3691
Offering: 3-2; or 3-2
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Geography 3693      Geography of Northern Europe
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120
Description: A systematic regional survey to gain an appreciation of regional cultural diversity, history, politics and economy of the Northern European cultural region. Broad course topics will be introduced in lectures while assigned readings will allow for more detailed regional case studies. Case studies will include specific regional issues as well as any relevant and current news-related topics.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third or fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor.
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Geography 3731      Urban Residential Structure
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 or permission of the instructor
Description: An examination of the physical and social structure of the North American city, with emphasis on problems in modern urban planning. Specific reference is made to the definition and implementation of sustainable community designs.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor.
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Geography 3751      Retail Location
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120
Description: The study of retailing activity within cities from a geographical perspective. Examination of urban shopping areas with respect to their form, historical evolution, present problems and future prospects. Analysis of the location decision-making of retail firms and spatial behaviour of consumers.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor.
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Geography 3811      Political Geography
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2811
Description: A geographical approach to political patterns on a world, regional and local scale. The concepts of the territorial state, nation and nationalism, and geopolitical power. Electoral geography and patterns in local politics.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third or fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor.
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Geography 3911      Special Topic in Geography: Half Year
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 or permission of the Department
Description: Half course in a specially-chosen field of geographical interest.
SpecialTopic: Y
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Geography 4011      Honours Thesis Preparation
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2251 and 2271; or permission of the Department
Description: Fall Term. A research project will be chosen after consultation with the department and with the agreement of the professor who will supervise the work. Students are advised to begin this work in the summer before their final year. This first part of the thesis class involves preparation of a literature review and development of a research methods design. Attendance at a number of workshops is required. There will be an oral presentation at the end of the term. Students who are considering applying for graduate school, or who hope to apply Geography in a professional field such as planning or environmental management, are most strongly advised to complete an Honours Thesis. Restricted to students in the fourth year of an Honours Geography program.
Notes: Students in Geography 4011 and 4013 will be expected to bear the costs of any field research required. Restricted to students in the fourth year of an Honours Geography program.
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Geography 4013      Honours Thesis
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): a minimum mark of 70% in Geography 4011
Description: Winter Term. Completion of a thesis, based on individual original research, to be submitted by the date posted by the Department of Geography. Attendance at a number of workshops is required. There will be an oral presentation at the end of the term.
Notes: Students in Geography 4011 and 4013 will be expected to bear the costs of any field research required.
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Geography 4211      Advanced GIS and Spatial Analysis
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2271 and 3251; or permission of the instructor
Description: An advanced course in the applications of geographical information systems, spatial analysis, and the display of spatial data. Practical exercises will provide hands-on experience using GIS software. IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Notes: Enrolment limited, with priority to Geography majors, due to limitation of laboratory space and/or availability of computers.
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Geography 4231      Remote Sensing
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2271 and 3251; or permission of the instructor
Description: An introduction to remote sensing, including digital image acquisition, geometric and atmospheric correction, and information extraction techniques. Hands-on experience of digital image processing with computer software will be provided. IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Notes: Enrolment limited, with priority to Geography majors, due to limitation of laboratory space and/or availability of computers.
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Geography 4271      Field Studies
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Completion of the third year of a geography program and permission of the instructor
Description: Students participate in a five to seven day excursion or a series of excursions to examine characteristics of both the physical and cultural landscape. Sites visited will vary depending on the central theme chosen for the course. The field component is followed by a classroom component involving identification and assessment of concepts and issues arising from the field excursion, oral presentations and discussions, and the submission of a research essay.
Notes: A fee is assessed to cover travel and accommodation costs.
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Geography 4291      International Field Study
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2811, one of Geography 3231 or 3291, and permission of the instructor
Description: An opportunity for students to conduct structured and supervised geographical fieldwork in an international setting. Interaction will be provided with local geographers and other experts. A specific destination will be arranged each time the course is offered.
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Geography 4333      Advanced Glacial Geomorphology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2351 and 3315; or permission of the instructor
Description: Processes and landforms associated with modern and past glacial environments. Glacial dynamics, processes of erosion, transportation and deposition, and glaciotectonism will be studied. Glacial environment continuum, with the associated subglacial, ice-marginal and proglacial, sediments and landforms will also be considered. Practical exercises will be emphasized.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
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Geography 4351      Climatology: Climate Change
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 3331 or permission of the instructor
Description: An examination of the types of evidence that indicate the existence of climate change, and the causes of that change. Past, present and future trends will be considered.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 4351
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
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Geography 4371      Climatology: Local and Microclimates
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2331 or permission of the instructor
Description: This study of climates at the local and micro-scale will include an examination of urban climates, building climatology and the relationship between climate and human comfort.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 4371
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
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Geography 4411      Water Resources Management
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2251
Description: Geographical aspects of physical water resources and human control systems will be studied. Emphasis will be placed on complex management challenges, derived from the interaction between the water cycle and human control agencies. Major themes include water supply, water quality, hydropower and flood control; each of which will be examined across a range of scales, technologies and societies.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 4411
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
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Geography 4431      Conservation Geography
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2251, 2271 and 3691
Description: Focus is on the creation of critical international case studies to examine the complex relationships between bio-cultural conservation and economic development, with particular respect to indigenous peoples. Each year this class will concentrate on one or two regions of the world. The use of GIS skills is encouraged.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 4431
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
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Geography 4451      Geography of Risk and Hazard
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2251
Description: An examination of the geographic theories, constructs, frameworks and methods used in the study of risk and hazard. Emphasis is placed upon human-environment interaction in environmental and technological hazards.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 4451
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
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Geography 4611      Geography of the Lake Superior Basin
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2251
Description: An examination of early formation and glacial features of Lake Superior, travel and commerce, and more recent development based on various resources. Topics in the final weeks focus on recent and current economic developments and issues such as environmental regulation and parkland management.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
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Geography 4731      Urban Geography
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 3731 and 3751; or permission of the instructor
Description: Selected topics pertaining to the economic development of urban environments with a focus on such topics as: demographic change; housing market dynamics and neighbourhood transition; decentralization of commercial and industrial activity; the revitalization of core areas; local adaptation to the forces of global economic restructuring.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
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Geography 4771      Sustainable Communities
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2251
Description: A review of current literature and practical applications relating to concept of sustainable community planning, with specific reference to transportation systems, land use zoning, water and energy usage, and agriculture. The measurement of urban sustainability and the sustainability of human activities at regional and city scales are also considered.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
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Geography 4811      Rural Geography
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2251
Description: A course dealing with the theories, data, research procedures and planning policies used in rural geography. The focus is on such topics as agriculture, settlement, land use, landscape evaluation and tourism.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
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Geography 4831      Indigenous Geographies of Mountain Areas
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2251 and 3691 or permission of the instructor
Description: Theory and practice in the ethnoscience of mountain peoples: especially ethnogeographic aspects of mountain botany, zoology, ecology and cartography. Students will work on case studies in consultation with the instructor and with indigenous groups and scholars in other parts of the world.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Registration in this course is limited to students with fourth-year standing in Geography; Anthropology; Biology; or Outdoor Recreation, Parks and Tourism
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Geography 4911      Special Topic in Advanced Geography: Half Year
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Permission of the instructor
Description: Half course in a specially-chosen field of geographical interest, at the advanced level.
SpecialTopic: Y
Notes: IMPORTANT: See note F under Academic Regulations, page 190
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