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LAKEHEAD CALENDAR 2009-2010

Lakehead 2009-2010 Academic Courses Undergraduate Courses Forestry Courses
Forestry Courses

Courses not offered this academic year (fall/winter terms) are indicated by the words "NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR" below the course description. Nevertheless, students should refer to the Timetable as a final check.

Forestry electives are identified with an asterisk*.

Forestry 0190      Writing Across the Curriculum I
Credit Weight: 0.0
Description: The first in a series of courses designed to focus on developing students' professional writing skills. All students are required to pass this non-credit course. All students will complete the work of FORE 0190 in Forestry 1050.
Grade Scheme: Pass/Fail
Notes: A non-credit required course.
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Forestry 0290      Writing Across the Curriculum II
Credit Weight: 0.0
Description: The second in a series of courses designed to focus on developing students' professional writing skills. All students are required to pass this non-credit course. All students will complete the work of FORE 0290 in Forestry 2210.
Grade Scheme: Pass/Fail
Notes: A non-credit required course.
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Forestry 0390      Writing Across the Curriculum III
Credit Weight: 0.0
Description: The third and final in a series of courses designed to focus on developing students' professional writing skills. All students are required to pass this non-credit course in order to graduate. Students enrolled in the BES and HBES will complete the work of FORE 0390 in Forestry 4213. Students in the HBScF program will complete the work of FORE 0390 in Forestry 3131.
Grade Scheme: Pass/Fail
Notes: A non-credit required course.
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Forestry 1010      Dendrology I: Tree Identification
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to the identification of trees of Canada including important introduced species. Lab instruction builds upon field school experience and emphasizes identification, classification, site requirements and uses of important species. Lecture instruction emphasizes relevant conifer and hardwood morphology, taxonomy, Canadian forest vegetation and elementary ecological concepts. Scientific names and terminology are used in lectures, laboratory work and examinations. Each student is required to complete a plant collection and to pass an outdoor tree identification test.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 1050      Contemporary Forest Issues
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The course provides students with frameworks for understanding the nature of problems, issues and challenges facing the contemporary forest community. Part 1 - forests as ecosystems. Part II - forest managment systems for society's multiple and often conflicting uses. Part III - social, economic, legal and political contexts for forest management.
Offering: 3-2; 0-0
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Forestry 1071      Forestry Business and Equipment
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The introduction of basic business principles, business plans, equipment costing and replacement, and forest products industry. Also presented are the types, uses and limitations of equipment used in forest harvesting, and the major forest products manufacturing processes and equipment.
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
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Forestry 1094      Field School
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Students will receive lab instruction and conduct field exercises in dendrology and forest mensuration two weeks, prior to the start of fall term classes. The program will include field tests. A tree planting exercise may also be required.
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Forestry 1110      Forest Mensuration I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: General principles of measurement; theory and use of mensurational instruments; measurement of length, area and volume; construction of standard and local volume tables; estimation of stand volume from simple sampling designs; measurement of non timber resources.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 1330      Forest Biometrics I: Introduction
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Applications of microcomputer spreadsheets and software for data management and statistical analysis in environmental and forest resources analysis will be introduced. Included in this course are the use of electronic data capturing devices, graphics, spatial distributions, intervals, frequency distributions, measures of central tendency and dispersion, sampling techniques, regression and correlation as they apply to forest conservation and resources.
Offering: 0-0; 3-3
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Forestry 1990      First Work Term
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The student will participate in Pre- and Post-Work Term Preparation sessions and activities as designated by the School. Once placed, the student is responsible for meeting the academic requirements of the work term (e.g. Job Description and Training Plan, Performance Appraisal, Work Term Report).
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*Forestry 2050      Dendrology II: Flowering Plant Taxonomy
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to the evolutionary relationships among the flowering plants and the processes that gave rise to their existing taxonomic hierarchy. The systematic identification of Ontario's major flowering plant families is learned in labs. The methods, rules and history of flowering plant taxonomy are presented in lectures. An individual herbarium project is also completed.
Cross-List(s): Biology 2051
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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Forestry 2054      Aboriginal Peoples and the Forest
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An overview of Aboriginal Peoples and Forestry. Sustainable forest management includes the recognition and protection of aboriginal and treaty rights and a commitment to increase Aboriginal participation in the forest sector. Topics covered include: historical and modern-day treaties and their impacts on forest management; what it means to incorporate Aboriginal and treaty rights in forest management; Aboriginal Peoples' relationship to forest land and resources, policy developments and practices related to Aboriginal forest issues at international, national, regional and local levels, Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal relationships including governments, the forest industry and forest-dependent communities.
Cross-List(s): Indigenous Learning 2054
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 2094      Field School
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Students will conduct field exercises in ecology, photogrammetry, silviculture and soils two weeks prior to the start of the fall term classes. Field tests and reports will be required.
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Forestry 2110      Forest Soils I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introductory course dealing with soil development, soil description and soil classification. Physical, chemical and biological properties of soils. Site quality and forest soil properties are assessed using routine field and laboratory methods.
Cross-List(s): Biology 2110
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 2150      Forest Biometrics II: ANOVA
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 1330
Description: The design and analysis of forestry experiments including CRD, RCBD, split-plot and nested (or hierarchical) design structures along with one-way and factorial treatment structures. Data analysis topics include the analysis of residuals, data re-expression, the analysis of means and an introduction to regression analysis.
Offering: 0-0; 3-3
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Forestry 2170      Forest Economics
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Economics 2014 or permission of the instructor
Description: Introduction to the economics of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services produced by, and dependent on, the forest resource. Course objectives are to appreciate the management of forests as an economic activity; to apply some of the concepts and tools of economic analysis to the management of forest resources; and to analyze and critically appraise important forest policy issues from an economic perspective.
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
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Forestry 2210      Forest Ecology and Silvics
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to the concepts of structure and function in a forest context. Principles of 1) production ecology, 2) biogeochemical cycling in forest systems, 3) community dynamics and succession and 4) ecosystem ecology will be explored. Impacts of human-induced and natural disturbance events will be discussed. The laboratory portion will emphasize the scientific approach to investigation including literature reviews, collection of data, application of statistical tests and interpretation of results.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 2211
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 2270      Photogrammetry
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introductory course in the theory and use of photogrammetry and aerial photography principles, techniques and analysis as applied to forest and related data acquisition. Field and laboratory work will culminate in an aerial photo forest typing project.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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*Forestry 2310      International Forestry
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to issues concerning world forests, particularly in developing countries, including a description of their present state, assessment of their future prospects and a consideration of some of the policies and practices for dealing with forest depletion at the local, national and international levels.
Offering: 2-2; 0-0
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Forestry 2330      Silviculture I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to the theory and practices of silviculture. Topics will include silvicultural systems for even-aged and uneven-aged forest stands, principles of seedling production, storage and handling, the theory and methods of site preparation, methods of vegetation control, forest regeneration and stand tending.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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Forestry 2350      Geographic Information Systems
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: A study in the utility of operational remote sensing and geographic information systems standards and procedures. The emphasis of the course is to provide the student with an understanding of the transition from interpreted aerial photographs and classified digital satellite imagery to a digital database, and its utilization within a GIS for forest resource management. Forestry applications include forest resource inventory mapping and analysis, terrain analysis, depletion mapping, as well as disease detection and monitoring.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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Forestry 2370      Fire Ecology and Management
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Forest fire behaviour, including combustion principles, heat transfer mechanisms, and the influence of fuels, moisture and topography, followed by a thorough analysis of the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System and its applications in forest fire prevention, detection, suppression and use. Impacts of fire as an agent of ecological change are examined relative to developments in natural and managed ecosystems.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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Forestry 2990      Second Work Term
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: For course description see Forestry 1990.
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Forestry 3094      Field School
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Students will conduct field exercises in entomology, harvesting, forest pathology, mensuration, silviculture and wildlife two weeks prior to the start of the fall term classes. Field reports will be required.
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*Forestry 3116      Fish and Wildlife Fundamentals
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Students will develop skills in wildlife observation and identification with an emphasis on vertebrates of the boreal system. Lectures will introduce the taxonomy and life requisites of individual species and life forms, and compare aquatic and terrestrial systems at various scales. Other topics include fish and wildlife planning, management investment, tracking, trapping, hunting, rare and endangered species, and the use of ecological land classifications or forest inventory to classify habitat. Field trips and a lab setting will assist in the learning of fish and wildlife specimens.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
Notes: To be offered in even numbered years.
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Forestry 3131      Genetics/Tree Improvement
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2150
Description: An introduction to genetic principles and their application in forestry practice. Background areas of Mendelian, population and quantitative genetics are covered, as well as the causes and sources of genetic variation in forest trees. The fundamentals of tree improvement are covered including assessment of geographic variation, plus-tree selection, progeny testing, seed orchards, tree breeding, gene conservation and economic justification.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 3178      Wood Technology/Utilization
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Principles of tree growth and wood formation through to wood identification, manufacturing and end uses of forest products. Topics covered include: tree growth and wood formation; cell wall formation and structure; comparative anatomy and ultrastructure of wood and bark; macro and microscopic features of wood; wood quality; variability in wood within and between species; identification methods for sotwood and hardwood timbers; physical, mechanical and chemical properties of wood; principles of manufacturing lumber, wood based panels, wood composites and pulp and paper.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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Forestry 3211      Forest Harvesting I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The study of methods, systems and organizations employed in the harvesting of wood, and the actual planning of harvesting operations. The layout and planning of forest roads, as well as the secondary transport of wood are also dealt with in detail. Emphasis will be placed on harvesting in the boreal forest. The Occupational Health and Safety Act, and legislation related to harvesting operations will also be reviewed.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 3212      Decision Support Tools
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The course entails the study of various tools used in aiding decision-making in forestry. It is based on the framework given in Planning and Decision-Making. Actual case studies are used to introduce the theory, methodology, and application of linear programming, transportation and assignment models, network analysis, game theory, and simulation to forestry problems. The concepts and applications of satisficing and heuristic programming are also introduced. Throughout the course the importance and use of sensitivity analysis will be stressed.
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
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Forestry 3213      Forest Pathology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Survey of the abiotic and biotic diseases of economically important Canadian trees in both urban and rural settings. Introduction to the principles of diagnosis, spread and control. The pathogen/host relationship and the environmental factors affecting it are explored. Emphasis is placed on the management practices useful in reducing damages to and losses of forest trees. Laboratory exercises are designed to give the student expertise in both the macro-and microscopic identification of tree diseases.
Cross-List(s): Biology 3213
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 3214      Silviculture II
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2330 and 3094 or permission of the instructor
Description: The focus of the course includes: Part I - the production and quality assessment of containerized seedlings and Part 2 - the silviculture of boreal forests. Part 1 presents principles and techniques of environment controls in container tree nurseries, irrigation, fertilization, growing media, and containers. The theories and common techniques of seedling quality assessment will be reviewed. Part 2 presents the environmental characteristics and stand dynamics of the boreal forest, the theory and techniques of vegetation management, silvicultural systems for major cover types of boreal forests, and the potential for innovation in the practice of boreal silviculture.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 3215      Forest Regulation and Scheduling
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Fundamental principles and detailed concepts of even- and uneven-aged forest management are dealt with by this course. Forest management models will be studied to determine their capabilities as analytical tools for forest regulation purposes. Both classical and modern methods of forest regulation and scheduling will be examined. Inter-relationships between the regulation of the forest, growth and yield models, geographic information systems will be studied.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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Forestry 3217      Forest Entomology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Lectures and laboratories are designed to give an understanding of insect identification, population dynamics of forest insects and how insects interact with trees and forests. Tools for managing insect populations are presented. An insect collection is required; a workshop on how to collect, preserve and mount insects will be given at the end of the winter semester of the second year to give students an opportunity to collect during the spring and summer. Note: An insect collection is required and attendance at a workshop in March prior to registration is mandatory.
Cross-List(s): Biology 3217
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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Forestry 3218      Forest Mensuration II
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2050, Computer Science 0412, Forestry 1110, 2210
Description: Topics include: sampling designs, inventory planning and execution, non-probability sampling, forest growth and yield including individual trees and stands as dynamic biological systems, stem analysis procedures, measures of site productivity, early models of growth and yield, application of applied projection models. Students will participate in field studies and make use of computers in the completion of their laboratory reports.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 3219      Habitat Planning
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Principles of habitat management for fish and wildlife will be discussed and reviewed. Particular emphasis will be placed on understanding the concepts of ecosystem management for wildlife and forest products as well as understanding how selected wildlife species respond to changes in their environment. The impact of forest management on fish and wildlife habitat will be considered and means and methods to mitigate any potentially harmful effects will be an important part of the course. Habitat requirements of selected groups of species will be listed and placed within an ecosystem context.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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*Forestry 3232      Forest Soils II
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2110 or permission of the instructor
Description: An advanced course on forest soils. Emphasis is placed on soil water and soil fertility. Topics covered include soil water, forest hydrology, site degradation, nutrient cycling, soils and silviculture, and effects of fire. Laboratory exercises deal with soil water, soil chemistry, site quality evaluation, and use of soil survey reports.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
Notes: To be offered in even-numbered sessions.
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*Forestry 3234      Forest Harvesting II
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 3211 or permission of the instructor
Description: An in-depth study of forest roads, planning and construction. The course also includes a comprehensive study of primary and secondary transport, woodhandling systems, and forest products processes.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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*Forestry 3237      Advanced Forest Ecology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2210/Environmental Studies 2211 or permission of the instructor
Description: An in-depth treatment of some of the topics introduced in Forestry 2210 - such as Biodiversity, Ecosystem Modelling and Classical Growth Analysis. Students will participate in the presentation of information. The emphasis will normally be on the response of forest ecosystems to disturbance events. A project (field, greenhouse and/or laboratory) which complements the lecture portion will be undertaken.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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*Forestry 3238      Forest Growth and Yield
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2050, Forestry 2210
Description: The study of forest growth and yield integrates topics from forest biology and applied mathematics including: trees and forest stands as dynamic biological systems, early models of growth and yield, basic concepts from general systems theory, modern theory of growth and yield, practical aspects of model building, system simulation and yield forecasting.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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*Forestry 3239      Forest Biometrics III: Regression Analysis
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2150
Description: From fitting a simple linear regression equation the treatment will be extended to multiple regression analysis, including fitting polynomials and non-linear regression models encountered in forestry problems. Matrix algebra will be used to fit the models. Minitab and SPSSx are the computer packages used.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 3251      International Resource Conservation
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to the principles of resource conservation and an examination of several forms of conservation from various regions of the world. Social issues, including population growth, related to resource conservation and regional, national and local conservation strategies in developing countries will be examined. Lab sessions will give students an opportunity to analyze some of the current initiatives in conservation in the global context including the Tropical Forestry Action Plan, the World Conservation Strategy, National Conservation Strategies and The World Commission on the Environment and Development.
Offering: 0-0; 2-2
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*Forestry 3253      Mechanization in Silviculture
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2330 or permission of the instructor
Description: An examination of current development, trends and practice in mechanization of silviculture. Topics will include design application, technology development and assessment in relation to site, biological and human factors.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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*Forestry 3450      Biology of the Fungi
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Structure, classification and biology of fungi and importance to human society and to the natural ecosystem. Emphasis will be placed on factors influencing ecological success of fungi. Examination of lifestyles exhibited by fungi and their interactions with other organisms. Laboratory exercises give students hands-on experience in the isolation, cultivation and identification of moulds and other fungi from various natural substrates.
Cross-List(s): Biology 3450
Offering: 0-0; 3-3
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Forestry 3990      Third Work Term
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: For course description see Forestry 1990.
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Forestry 3992      Fourth Work Term
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: For course description see Forestry 1990. An optional (not required) work term during the summer between the Third and Fourth Years of the HBScF (Co-op) program. Students taking this program are expected to complete the required co-op placements, Forestry 1990, 2990, 3990 and 4990.
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Forestry 4020      Undergraduate Thesis - HBScF
Credit Weight: 1.0
Description: The thesis is a piece of original work, which may create new information or organize existing information in a new or otherwise unique manner. It must be an individual document, but data may be shared by several students on some projects. It is undertaken under the direct supervision of a faculty member on a topic of the student's own choosing in consultation with the faculty involved. The thesis will follow the guidelines for style and format as found in the current School Technical Writing Manual. Three copies must be prepared at the student's expense and presented to the Faculty. At least one copy must contain original photographs. The thesis will normally be presented orally at the student thesis symposium during the last week of classes in the winter term.
Offering: 0-6; 0-6
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Forestry 4040      Undergraduate Thesis - HBES (Forest Conservation)
Credit Weight: 1.0
Description: The thesis is a piece of original work, which may create new information or organize existing information in a new or otherwise unique manner. It must be an individual document, but data may be shared by several students on some projects. It is undertaken under the direct supervision of a faculty member on a topic of the student's own choosing in consultation with the faculty involved. The thesis will follow the guidelines for style and format as found in the current School Technical Writing Manual. Three copies must be prepared at the student's expense and presented to the Faculty. At least one copy must contain original photographs. The thesis will normally be presented orally at the student thesis symposium during the last week of classes in the winter term.
Offering: 0-6; 0-6
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Forestry 4094      Field School
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Students will conduct field exercises in Great Lakes-St. Lawrence forests examining forest management, mixed wood silviculture and forest policy two weeks prior to the start of the fall term classes. A field summary report and field assignments will be required.
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Forestry 4110      Senior Project
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: A senior undergraduate project dealing with the forest environment. It is undertaken under the direct supervision of a faculty member on a topic of the student's own choosing in consultation with the faculty involved. The written report will follow the guidelines for style and format as found in the current Faculty of Forestry and the Forest Environment Technical Writing Manual.
Offering: 0-0; 0-6
Notes: For Honours Bachelor of Environmental Studies (Forest Conservation) students only.
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Forestry 4212      Forest Management Plan I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Students will produce a draft plan incorporating the principles of integrated forest resources including relevant practices related to timber, wildlife, recreation and other forest land based resources.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 4213      Forest Policy and Legislation
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: This course will consider relationships between forest resource policy and legislation, and an understanding of forest policy and analysis and development. Analysis, development and implementation of policy and legislation for forests and other natural resources are examined. A range of current issues in forest policy, and the institutions and stakeholders involved, will be examined.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 4214      Forest Management Plan II
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The draft plan produced in Forest Management Plan I (Forestry 4212) will be modified to produce a final plan. Planning, implementation and control of forestry operations within project, annual and operational time frames will be stressed.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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*Forestry 4215      Applied GIS Techniques
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2350
Description: A study in current GIS concepts and technology. The students will gain a thorough understanding of the limitations of data acquisition, entry, manipulation and analysis. Emphasis will be on forest management related applications in a commercial GIS environment.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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*Forestry 4217      Remote Sensing Applications in Forestry
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2350
Description: An in-depth lecture-seminar-laboratory course in digital remote sensing. The relationships between tree physiology, vigor, and reflectance are stressed, as well as generalized soil and water spectra. Acquisition technology (passive and active) is covered in detail. Enhancement and classification techniques are taught and evaluated. A thorough understanding of technology limitations to forestry is emphasized. Case studies include multi-temporal and analysis (depletion mapping), vigor assessment, as well as cover-type identification.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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*Forestry 4218      Advanced Wood Technology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 3178
Description: A more in-depth knowledge in wood structure and morphology. Variability within and between species, growth defects and the impact of silvicultural treatments on wood quality are studied through lab exercises consisting of physical and mechanical property testing using standard procedures for physical tests and using a Universal Wood Testing Machine to study the mechanical properties of different timbers and engineered products. Also students will be involved in projects aimed to display different aspects of the forest products industry. A term paper reporting all the activities during the course is required.
Offering: 2-3; or 2-3
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*Forestry 4230      Forest Harvesting III
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 3234 or permission of instructor
Description: The study of wood flow from standing timber to the final product. The impact of wood and fibre quality in forest products processing is stressed. Students will be required to complete major projects in logging operations and road planning.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 4232      Principles of Fishery Management
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: See Department of Biology, Biology Courses, Biology 4213, for full course description.
Cross-List(s): Biology 4213
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*Forestry 4233      Process Consulting
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2250 or permission of the instructor
Description: Process consultants help others in a way that enables the client to manage the substance of the problematic situation without becoming stuck on process-related details. Students will learn the attitudes, skills and knowledge of process consulting by helping one or more real clients with real problems.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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*Forestry 4234      Integrated Resources Planning
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Current approaches to integrated resources planning including ecological systems modelling will be discussed.
Offering: 0-0; 2-2
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*Forestry 4239      Urban Forestry
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: A course directed at the specialized branch of forestry relating to the cultivation and management of trees in urban environments, including their present and potential contributions to the psychological, sociological and economic well-being of urban societies.
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
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*Forestry 4250      Environmental Assessment
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Forest management is increasingly being seen as a form of land development that should be subjected to both informal and formal environmental impact assessment. This course introduces both the theory and practice of environmental assessment, focussing on federal and provincial processes for environmental assessment, scientific and planning tools for undertaking assessments, and appropriate roles for the various stakeholders and groups interested in the environmental effects of forest-management activities.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 4250
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
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*Forestry 4251      Fish and Wildlife Practice
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 3116, 3219 or permission of the instructor
Description: Practical aspects of decision-making in the practice of fish and wildlife management for students who want to increase their depth of understanding in these areas. Labs will illustrate and investigate techniques that provide data for management decisions.
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
Notes: To be offered in odd numbered years.
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*Forestry 4252      Conservation Ecology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 3216, 3219 or permission of the instructor
Description: Conservation concepts, theories, issues and strategies. Lectures will discuss conceptual, empirical and experimental approaches to conservation ecology. Oral presentations, written reports and investigative assignments will include case studies as well as the practical application of conservation principles.
Cross-List(s): Biology 4252
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
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*Forestry 4253      Integrated Pest Management
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 3217
Description: The role insects play in the forest ecosystem will be examined. These discussions will lead to understanding why some insects become problems and others do not. Concepts of integrated pest management will be developed further and applied to the major forest insect groups as case studies. Laboratory sessions will provide opportunity for presentation and debates. The student will be expected to make a larval insect collection and a detailed study of these will be made by each student. Time will also be devoted to prevention of damage to forest crops by mammals.
Offering: 3-2; 0-0
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*Forestry 4254      Advanced Forest Pathology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 3213/Biology 3213 or Forestry 3450/Biology 3450
Description: A survey of selected forest fungi emphasizing their biology and importance to forest health. Laboratory exercises are designed to give students expertise in the isolation, cultivation and identification of these organisms and also provide hands-on experience with inoculation of living plant material.
Cross-List(s): Biology 4254
Offering: 0-0; 3-3
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*Forestry 4256      Forest Soils III
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2110 or permission of the instructor
Description: This course will review various methods for estimating site quality, and the interrelationships among site quality, forest yields and landscape classification. Concepts of tree mineral nutrition and diagnostic techniques will be examined through soil, foliar, and vector analyses. Strategies for soil conservation and site quality enhancement will be discussed through exercises dealing with erosion control, compaction, and fertilization.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
Notes: To be offered in even-numbered sessions.
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*Forestry 4258      Silvicultural Planning, Implementation and Control
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2330 or permission of instructor
Description: Aspects of planning and implementing a silvicultural program are provided. Topics would include policy, operational planning, scheduling, quality and cost control.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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*Forestry 4259      Advanced Studies in Forestry I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: In-depth analyses of special topics in Forestry.
SpecialTopic: Y
Offering: 3-0; 0-0
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*Forestry 4270      Advanced Studies in Forestry II
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: In-depth analyses of special topics in Forestry.
SpecialTopic: Y
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
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Forestry 4272      Environmental Ethics and the Forest
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An exploration of human values applied to the forest throughout history from the economic resource perspectives, through conservation and preservation, to biocentric and ecocentric instrinsic value models. Pivotal writings of Fernow, Pinchot, Muir Leopold, Callicott, and other recent environmental ethicists are examined. Special topics include aboriginal forest values, Canadian issues and global forestry ethics.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
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*Forestry 4277      Sustainably Managed Forests
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2330
Description: A focus on the principles of production ecology, nutrient and dynamic characteristics of forest ecosystems and their responses to forest management. Assessment of sustainability of net primary production, site productivity and yield under different management scenarios, soils and climatic regimes using ecosystem-level simulation models.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
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Forestry 4330      Hardwood and Mixedwood Silviculture
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 2330 or permission of the instructor
Description: A course directed towards the practice of silviculture in the principal forest cover types of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence and Deciduous Forest Regions. The structure and development of these stands in relationship to prescribed silvicultural systems will be investigated. Natural reproduction will be stressed but afforestation utilizing conifers and hardwoods including hybrids will be included. Field school in the Deciduous Forest Region will be an integral part of this course.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
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Forestry 4990      Fourth Work Term
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: For course description see Forestry 1990.
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Forestry 4992      Sixth Work Term
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: For course description see Forestry 1990. An optional (not required) work term during the summer between the Fourth and Fifth Years of the HBScF (Co-op) program. Students taking this program are expected to complete the required co-op placements, Forestry 1990, 2990, 3990 and 4990.
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