A-Z Index Contact Us


Return to Current Calendar (2010-2011)
Academic Courses
Undergraduate Courses
Anthropology Courses
Applied Bio-Molecular Science Courses
Bioinformatics Courses
Biology Courses
Business Courses
Business Courses (Orillia Campus Only)
Chemistry Courses
Computer Science Courses
Economics Courses
Education
Engineering Courses
English Courses
Environmental Studies
Forestry Courses
General Science Courses
Geoarchaeology Courses
Geography Courses
Geology Courses
Gerontology Courses
History Courses
Indigenous Learning Courses
Inquiry (Orillia Campus Only)
Kinesiology Courses
Languages
Library and Information Studies
Mathematics Courses
Medicine
Music Courses
Native Access
Nursing Courses
Northern Studies (NORT) Courses
Outdoor Recreation Courses
Philosophy Courses
Physics
Political Science Courses
Psychology
Religious Studies
Social Work
Sociology
Visual Arts Courses
Water Resource Science
Women's Studies Courses
Graduate Courses (Masters and PhD)
Academic Programs
Academic Schedule of Dates
Academic Units
Admission Requirements
Continuing Education and Distributed Learning
Fees 2009-2010
Financial Aid to Students
Governing Bodies, Administration and Faculty
Medals and Prizes
The University (An Introduction)
University Community
University Regulations
Previous Calendars
Summary of New Changes Made in This Calendar

LAKEHEAD CALENDAR 2009-2010

Lakehead 2009-2010 Academic Courses Undergraduate Courses Biology Courses
Biology Courses
Courses not offered this academic year (fall/winter terms) are indicated by the words "NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR" below the course description. Nevertheless, students should refer to the Timetable as a final check.

The following courses are offered for degree programs unless otherwise indicated.

Notes:
1. Third, fourth and fifth year courses may only be taken with the written consent of the instructor or the chair of the department.

2. Cross-listed courses may be taken as Biology electives. Course descriptions are listed under the appropriate disciplines. Students should be aware of prerequisites and must contact the instructor before registration. There may be a limit on the number of Biology/Natural Science students admitted to cross-listed courses.

3. Biology faculty members offer a wide variety of senior undergraduate level courses using the Biology 4610 and 4630 (Biology Tutorial I and II) platform. Students should consult the Department of Biology, and specific faculty members, for course availability.

Biology 1110      Animal Biology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to the study of the structure, function and organization of animal life.
Offering: 0-0; 3-3
back to top
Biology 1130      Plant Biology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to plant diversity stressing the evolution of plants. Comparative morphology of vegetative and reproductive structures will be emphasized. Topics will also include functional anatomy, photosynthesis and respiration.
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
back to top
Biology 2010      Human Systems Physiology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Physiology of selected organ systems. Note:
Offering: 3-0; 0-0
Notes: Only students in BSc Nursing may register in and receive credit for Biology 2010.
back to top
Biology 2020      Human Anatomy
Credit Weight: 1
Description: Human anatomical systems; laboratory work includes the study of the cat as a representative animal.
Offering: 3-3; 3-3
back to top
Biology 2030      Introductory Human Physiology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The fundamental principles of organ system physiology with special emphasis on mammals.
Offering: 0-0; 3-3
Notes: May only be taken by students in Nursing and Kinesiology degree programs. Students who have taken Biology 2030 may not take Biology 3250 or 3251 for credit.
back to top
Biology 2035      Human Physiology Survey
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: A didactic overview of select human physiological systems without laboratory exercises and is suitable for students who seek a limited introduction to this topic. Not recommended for students in Biology or Natural Science programs. Students may not receive credit for this course in addition to Biology 2030. Students who have taken Biology 2035 may not take Biology 3250 or 3251 for credit.
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
Notes: May be used as a Science credit for students in Education degree programs.
back to top
Biology 2050      Tree Development and Function
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: A basic review of tree anatomy, morphology and physiology covering the following topics: shoot and root development and their internal controls, formation and function of xylem and phloem, translocation, water relations, correlations and control of tree form, assimilation, nutrition, sexual and asexual reproduction.
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
back to top
Biology 2051      Dendrology II: Flowering Plant Taxonomy
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description:

See Faculty of Forestry and the Forest Environment, Courses, Forestry 2050, for full course description.


Cross-List(s): Forestry 2050
back to top
Biology 2070      Human Structure
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Human anatomy of selected organs/systems. Laboratory work is included.
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
Notes: Only students in BSc Nursing may register in and receive credit for Biology 2070.
back to top
Biology 2110      Forest Soils I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Cross-List(s): Forestry 2110
back to top
Biology 2131      Regional Flowering Plants
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: A course on the identification of common native and introduced flowering plants of the Lakehead area. Special attention will be given to the local forest flora. Field trips will be arranged. Students will also be expected to make a plant collection.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
back to top
Biology 2171      Genetics
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to the principles of inheritance, modern gene concepts and basic population genetics is presented in a lecture and problem-solving format.
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
back to top
Biology 2210      Introductory Ecology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Interrelationships of plants and animals with the environment. The distribution and dynamics of plant and animal communities. Aspects of applied ecology and conservation.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 2210
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
back to top
Biology 2230      Cell Biology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Methodology used in studying cell structure and composition will be outlined and the following metabolic processes will be discussed in relation to their subcellular localization: energy conversion, DNA replication and gene expression, membrane function, polysaccharide synthesis, hydrolytic reactions.
Offering: 0-0; 3-1
back to top
Biology 2711      Biology of Microorganisms
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to microbial cell biology, genetics and interactions between microorganisms and humans. Laboratory work includes basic microbiological techniques and identification of microorganisms.
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
Notes: Restricted to Biology or Applied Bio-Molecular Science majors, except with permission of the instructor.
back to top
Biology 2713      Introduction to Microbiology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to microbial cell biology, host response to pathogens and public health aspects of microbiology.
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
Notes: Restricted to Nursing majors.
back to top
Biology 2910      Laboratory Biology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Introduction to basic laboratory techniques: pipetting, preparation of media, aseptic technique, cell disruption, protein purification and analysis, electrophoresis, chromatography. Development of skills in such areas as: laboratory note-keeping, reporting, graphical presentation of data, information searching.
Offering: 0-0; 1-5
back to top
Biology 3010      Physiology of Exercise I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Cross-List(s): Kinesiology 3010
back to top
Biology 3114      Plant Ecology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Theories, concepts and methods in the study of plant ecology are discussed with special reference to the concept of community, ecosystem, succession and species' vital attributes. Technical writing based on field studies, hands-on labs, ecological data analysis and interpretation are required components of the course including a seminar presentation on a contemporary topic in plant ecology.
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
Notes: Students who have taken Biology 3141 previously may not take Biology 3114 for credit.
back to top
Biology 3135      Molecular Genetics
Credit Weight: 0.5
Cross-List(s): Applied Bio-Molecular Science 3135
back to top
Biology 3138      Introduction to DNA Molecular Methods
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: See Department of Anthropology, Courses, Anthropology 3138, for full course description.
Cross-List(s): Anthropology 3138
back to top
Biology 3139      Molecular Anthropology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: See Department of Anthropology, Courses, Anthropology 3139, for full course description.
Cross-List(s): Anthropology 3139
back to top
Biology 3151      Biogeography
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: A study of the distribution and dispersal of organisms.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
back to top
Biology 3213      Forest Pathology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Cross-List(s): Forestry 3213
back to top
Biology 3214      Human Histology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: A study of the structure and function of human tissues. Emphasis during laboratory sessions will be placed on recognition of human cells, tissues and organs.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
back to top
Biology 3217      Forest Entomology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Cross-List(s): Forestry 3217
Notes: Note: An insect collection is required and attendance at a workshop in March prior to registration is mandatory.
back to top
Biology 3219      The Evolution of Vertebrates
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Survey of vertebrate animals with an evolutionary and paleontological perspective on their adaptive features. Laboratory sessions examine morphological, anatomical, and behavioural characteristics, with special reference to comparative locomotory, feeding, and reproductive strategies.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
Notes: Students who have taken Biology 3201 previously may not take Biology 3219 for credit.
back to top
Biology 3221      Invertebrate Zoology
Credit Weight: 1
Description: An introductory course dealing with the major phyla of invertebrate animals with emphasis on form and function.
Offering: 3-3; 3-3
back to top
Biology 3231      General Entomology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Ecological, morphological and physiological characteristics of insects, taxonomic grouping of the class Insecta and the economic importance of major groups. The laboratory is devoted to structural studies, techniques of collecting and preparing specimens and identification of representative families of the more important orders.
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
back to top
Biology 3250      Comparative Animal Physiology I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An introduction to organismal and cellular communication emphasizing endocrine, neural and intracellular signal transduction mechanisms. Laboratory exercises will involve practical experience in the use of in vivo and in vitro techniques in endocrine and neurophysiological investigations. Students with a general interest in physiology, and not intending to pursue graduate or professional studies may, with the permission of the instructor, elect to submit an assigned term paper in lieu of participation in the laboratory component of the course.
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
Notes: Students who have taken Biology 2030 may not take Biology 3250 or 3251 for credit.
back to top
Biology 3251      Comparative Animal Physiology II
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: A comparative study of organ system physiology in invertebrates and vertebrates. Areas to be discussed include osmotic and ionic regulation, circulation, respiration, nervous regulation and endocrine regulation. Students with a general interest in physiology, and not intending to pursue graduate or professional studies may, with the permission of the instructor, elect to submit an assigned term paper in lieu of participation in the laboratory component of the course.
Offering: 0-0; 3-3
Notes: Students who have taken Biology 2035 may not take Biology 3250 or 3251 for credit.
back to top
Biology 3252      Biochemistry I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Cross-List(s): Chemistry 3251
back to top
Biology 3271      Insect Ecology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The role of insects in various ecosystems; application of insect ecology to questions of integrated control of pests, population dynamics and insect behaviour.
Offering: 3-3;0-0
back to top
Biology 3272      Biochemistry II
Credit Weight: 0.5
Cross-List(s): Chemistry 3271
back to top
Biology 3313      Ecological Structure in Northern Environments
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The application of ecological and evolutionary concepts to understand and conserve ecological structure of northern ecosystems.
Cross-List(s): Northern Studies 3313/Environmental Studies 3313
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
back to top
Biology 3330      Molecular Biology of Development
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2230 and 2910 or permission of the instructor
Description: DNA replication and repair; cell cycle regulation. The role of differential gene expression in the regulation of development of model organisms: Drosophila, Caenorhabditis, yeasts, amphibians and mice.
Offering: 3-0; 0-0
back to top
Biology 3351      Plants and People
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Plants used by people. The origins, history and effects of plants on civilization.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
back to top
Biology 3410      Morphology of Vascular Plants
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Survey of the morphology and life history of representatives of the major groups of vascular plants. Emphasis is placed on the evolution and theoretical aspects of reproductive systems.
Offering: 0-0; 3-3
back to top
Biology 3450      Biology of the Fungi
Credit Weight: 0.5
Cross-List(s): Forestry 3450
back to top
Biology 3470      Plant Physiology and Biotechnology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2230 and 2910 or permission of the instructor
Description: Photosynthesis and primary assimilation of inorganic nutrients, plant growth regulators, morphogenesis, tissue culture, water relations and transport, plant movements and directional growth, and facts and myths surrounding plant biotechnology.
Offering: 2-3; or 2-3
back to top
Biology 3475      Alpine Plant Physiology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: A field-based course with lectures which will cover photosynthesis and primary assimilation of inorganic nutrients, water relations and transport, plant movements and directional growth, environmental stress and seed germination physiology, induction of flowering, pollination and flower development. Field trips will focus on mountain geomorphology and climate in relation to plant life.
Notes: Course will normally be offered in the second half of the summer term. Additional costs will be borne by participants.
back to top
Biology 3610      Environmental Biology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The impact of environmental degradation organisms and the earth is studied through an in-depth examination of human population growth, renewable resource depletion and pollution. Particular attention will be given to specific crises in agriculture, forestry and wildlife management. Causes and prevention of these renewable resources problems are discussed.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3610
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
back to top
Biology 3671      Evolutionary Concepts
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2171 and 2210
Description: Designed for students majoring in biology who want to understand evolutionary concepts and their application to important questions in biology, with an emphasis on ecology. Course instruction will include a mixture of lectures, general discussions, tutorials, and investigative assignments. Lectures will emphasize conceptual, empirical, and experimental approaches to the study of evolution. Topics include mechanisms of evolution, adaptation, speciation and an introduction to evolutionary ecology.
Offering: 0-0;2-2
Notes: Students who have taken Biology 2671 previously may not take Biology 3671 for credit.
back to top
Biology 3711      Pathogenic Bacteriology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2711
Description: An introduction to pathogenic mechanisms of bacterial pathogens. Selective pathogens will be used to illustrate pathogen-host interactions. A general introduction of host responses to bacterial infections.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
back to top
Biology 3713      Microbial Physiology
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2711
Description: A study of the structure, functions, biochemistry and genetics of microorganisms. Topics including microbial metabolism, growth, regulation, and their relationships with various environmental factors will be examined. Basic microbial genetics such as mutation, genetic exchange and recombination will also be discussed.
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
back to top
Biology 3770      Biology of Food Safety
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2711
Description: Selected topics in food safety, such as foodborne diseases and their prevention, genetically modified foods and antibiotic/pesticide use in food production will be covered. The biological foundations and scientific literature of these food safety issues will be examined and the role of government regulations and consumer attitudes discussed.
Offering: 3-0; 0-0
back to top
Biology 3990      Research Internship I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Permission of the supervisor. Students must have an overall B average in previous Biology courses.
Description: A work-term option consisting of a minimum of 120 hours as a research intern with a full-time faculty member in the Department of Biology. The work-term will usually take place during either the spring or summer session. Students will write, and be graded on, a report on their work experience that details the nature of the research, the nature of their contribution, and how the work term has changed their world-view of biology. Students may be required to present an oral summary to the Department. Students interested in the intern option should contact potential supervisors. Students may obtain credit for no more than one internship with a single faculty member, and for no more than two internships in total.
Notes: Students may not register for Biology 3990 when concurrently registered in Biology 3991 or Biology 4101.
back to top
Biology 3991      Research Internship II
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Permission of the supervisor. Students must have an overall B average in previous Biology courses.
Description: A work-term option consisting of a minimum of 120 hours as a research intern with a full-time faculty member in the Department of Biology. The work-term will usually take place during either the spring or summer session. Students will write, and be graded on, a report on their work experience that details the nature of the research, the nature of their contribution, and how the work term has changed their world-view of biology. Students may be required to present an oral summary to the Department. Students interested in the intern option should contact potential supervisors. Students may obtain credit for no more than one internship with a single faculty member, and for no more than two internships in total.
Notes: Students may not register for Biology 3991 when concurrently registered in Biology 3990 or Biology 4101.
back to top
Biology 4101      Honours Thesis
Credit Weight: 1
Description: A research problem in biology on a selected topic. The student will prepare a report of the research and present a Biology Department seminar. Students must verify which Biology faculty member will supervise the research before completing the third year of study.
Notes: Students may not use data collected for Biology 3990/3991 (Research Internship I and II) toward the honours thesis.
back to top
Biology 4111      Parasitology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Study of the protozoan, helminth and arthropod parasites. Emphasis is placed on parasitism as a biological phenomenon. Laboratory work will be concerned with a study of the structure and identification of representative parasites as well as an explanation of techniques used in parasitology.
Offering: 3-3; or 3-3
back to top
Biology 4113      Community Ecology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Principles of ecology and evolution used to explain patterns, process, structure and function of ecological communities.
Offering: 0-0; 2-2
back to top
Biology 4115      Ecology of Disturbed Habitats
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2210 and 3114
Description: Habitat and plant community response to natural and human induced ecosystem disturbances will be discussed with special reference to type, intensity and frequency of disturbance. Particular attention will be focused on regeneration strategies of dominant plants, species diversity and composition, nearground microclimate, and changes in soil physical and chemical properties. Vulnerability and resilience of ecosystem integrity will be explained on the basis of biotic and abiotic factors with special reference to boreal forests. Remediation of adverse ecological impacts resulting from human induced disturbances will be discussed. Technical writing based on field and laboratory studies, term papers, and seminar presentations are required components of the course.
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 4115
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
back to top
Biology 4117      Advances in Contemporary Ecology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An investigation of topics in contemporary ecology with an emphasis on large-scale patterns of abundance and distribution of organisms in nature. Topics covered will include the importance of scale in ecology, latitudinal patterns of species richness, range size theory, and the relationship between abundance and distribution. This course will consist of the compilation, analysis and interpretation of macroecological data.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
back to top
Biology 4211      Mammalogy
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Origin, relationship and structure of mammals. A survey of the families of living mammals: past and present distribution of important groups. Special attention is given to Ontario forms.
Offering: 0-0; 3-3
back to top
Biology 4212      Biology of Fishes
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Course lectures consider fish as a form of vertebrate organization with emphasis on evolution, anatomy, physiology, behaviour, migration and distribution, while the laboratory emphasizes ecology, distribution and systematics of the local fauna. Some field trips.
Offering: 3-3;0-0
back to top
Biology 4213      Principles of Fishery Management
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: A review of the application of ecological concepts of importance for the successful manipulation of fish production for recreational and commercial purposes.
Cross-List(s): Forestry 4232
Offering: 3-2; 0-0
back to top
Biology 4217      Aquaculture
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An examination of the principles and methods of raising fish for food and recreational purposes.
Offering: 0-0; 2-2
back to top
Biology 4230      Cancer Biology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 3330 and Chemistry 3271 or permission of the instructor
Description: Cellular basis of cancer; chemical- and radiation-induced mutations and DNA repair; genes of development; signaling molecules; cell-cell interactions; invasion and metastasis; tumour pathology; apoptosis; immune system. Cancer epidemiology, treatment and relevant ethical issues.
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
back to top
Biology 4231      Ornithology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2210 or permission of the instructor
Description: The biology of birds, including their evolution, systematics, anatomy, ecology, and behaviour. Aspects of avian morphology, such as plumages, internal anatomy, and adaptations for feeding and locomotion, will be examined using study specimens. Identification, distribution, and natural history of Ontario birds will be emphasized.
Offering: 0-0; 2-3
back to top
Biology 4252      Conservation Ecology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 3216, 3219 or permission of the instructor
Cross-List(s): Forestry 4252
back to top
Biology 4254      Advanced Forest Pathology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Forestry 3213/Biology 3213 or Forestry 3450/Biology 3450
Cross-List(s): Forestry 4254
back to top
Biology 4311      Bryophytes and Lichens
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Morphology, taxonomy, and ecology: collection and identification with emphasis on local species.
Offering: 3-3; or 3-3
back to top
Biology 4371      Science Under Scrutiny
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An examination of the impact of science and technology on the plants and animals through lectures, discussion and in-depth reading. Students will present critiques of assigned papers.
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
back to top
Biology 4430      Wetland Ecology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: An examination of the biology and chemistry of wetland environments. Emphasis will be placed on plant species adaptations to and interrelationships with continually-flooded soils. Field and laboratory exercises will concentrate on experimental design, sampling methods, and analytical procedures. A wetland plant collection of at least 30 species is a requirement for the course.
Offering: 2-3; 0-0
back to top
Biology 4431      Aquatic Entomology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The adaptations by insects for life in the aquatic habitat are examined. The ecological roles of aquatic insects and their biology is also discussed. The laboratory focuses on collecting techniques and an examination of the orders of aquatic insects. A collection of 25 different genera of aquatic insects is required.
Offering: 3-3; 0-0
back to top
Biology 4435      Herpetology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Origin, structure, life history, distribution, ecology and conservation of amphibians and reptiles. A survey of living families. Special attention is focussed on species occurring in Canada, particularly those in Ontario.
Offering: 3-3; or 3-3
back to top
Biology 4610      Biology Tutorial I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Topics to be arranged to suit student specialization. The student will present his/her work at a Biology Department seminar. Students should consult the Department of Biology, and specific faculty members, for course availability.
SpecialTopic: Y
back to top
Biology 4630      Biology Tutorial II
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Topics to be arranged to suit student specialization. The student will present his/her work at a Biology Department Seminar. Students should consult the Department of Biology, and specific faculty members, for course availability.
SpecialTopic: Y
back to top
Biology 4650      Issues in Biotechnology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: Current technical and ethical issues in biotechnology will be presented and discussed: plant biotechnology and genetically modified foods, mammalian cloning, reproductive technologies, gene therapies, drug development and approval processes, implications of cloning to biodiversity and lateral gene flow, bioremediation using transgenic organisms. Significant preparation outside of class meeting times will be required.
Cross-List(s): Applied Bio-Molecular Science 4650
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
back to top
Biology 4710      Limnology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The physical, chemical and biological characteristics of lakes, rivers, and estuaries are examined. The major focus is on the ecology of lakes in the Boreal Forest region. Lake sampling methods will be developed during a weekend field trip. Laboratory exercises will concentrate on chemical analyses of water and sediment samples, and the quantification of productivity indices.
Offering: 2-3; or 2-3
back to top
Biology 4711      Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2711
Description: A fundamental knowledge of the role of micro-organisms in global nutrient cycles, interrelationships within and between microbial communities and environmental factors affecting microbial structure and function. Microbiological aspects of terrestrial and aquatic environments and selective topics on biotechnology will be discussed. Both traditional and molecular analysis for microbial communities will be introduced.
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
back to top
Biology 4751      Neurobiology I
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Permission of the instructor
Description: An examination of the origins, development, maturation and senescence of the human central nervous system.
Offering: 3-0; 0-0
Notes: Limited enrolment
back to top
Biology 4752      Neurobiology II
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 4751 or permission of the instructor
Description: An examination of the operation and integration of the sensory elements of the human central nervous system.
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
Notes: Limited enrolment
back to top
Biology 4770      Food Microbiology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2711
Description: Important groups of microorganisms associated with food spoilage, food fermentations, food infections and intoxications. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors of food and their relationship to microbial growth. Control of microorganisms by food processing. Laboratory skills in food microbiology.
Offering: 0-0; 3-3
Notes: Limited enrolment
back to top
Biology 4830      Endocrinology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 3250 or permission of the instructor
Description: An examination of the origin, development, operation and regulation of vertebrate endocrine systems with emphasis on mammalian models.
Offering: 3-0; 0-0
Notes: Limited enrolment
back to top
Biology 4850      Neurochemistry
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 3250 and 3251, and permission of the instructor
Description: A detailed overview of principal neurochemical families from perspectives including synthesis and metabolism, release regulation, receptor interaction and post-receptor signaling.
Offering: 3-0; 0-0
Notes: Limited enrolment
back to top
Biology 4855      Pharmacology
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Biology 3250, 3251, 4850, and permission of the instructor
Description: A comprehensive and quantitative analysis of exogenous biochemical management in vertebrates. Includes principles and mathematical analysis of drug absorbtion, distribution, clearance, mechanism of action, interactions and animal adaptations.
Offering: 0-0; 3-0
Notes: Limited enrolment
back to top
Biology 4911      The Development of Biological Ideas
Credit Weight: 0.5
Description: The development of a base from which students can examine some of the fundamental questions of human knowledge as they apply to the teaching and researching of biological ideas, both past and present.
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
back to top