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Department of Undergraduate Studies in Education

The Department of Undergraduate Studies in Education prepares students for careers as teachers by focusing on courses meant to enhance skills, knowledge and attitudes which support effective teaching.

Four elements characterize the Faculty's programs:
i) A foundation in liberal studies considered likely to foster the intellectual curiosity, creativity, and broad knowledge necessary for effective teaching.
ii) The study of human learning and development, within a social and cultural context and in relation to instructional and management techniques within educational settings.
iii) The study of curriculum and methods of instruction.
iv) The opportunity to observe effective teaching and to apply and develop instructional approaches in classroom settings through supervised student teaching.

Bachelor of Education (BEd) Programs

All BEd programs are accredited through the Ontario College of Teachers (OCT). Graduates are recommended to the OCT for certification to teach in Ontario schools.

1. One-Year BEd program
A Professional Year of study after the completion of an approved undergraduate degree.

2. Five-year concurrent honours bachelor degree program
Professional courses are completed as part of a 5-year double degree. Students receive a BEd and an honours degree in a partnering discipline. The final (Professional) year has an emphasis on a special topic.

3. Four-year concurrent bachelor degree program
Education courses are completed as part of a 4 year double degree. Students receive a BEd and a degree in a partnering discipline. The final (Professional) year is identical to the one year BEd.

Levels and Teachables

Programs are divided according to the age and grade level at which the student intends to teach as follows:

Primary/Junior (Kindergarten to Grade 6). Teachers at this level must be prepared to teach students all subjects so programs include courses in a variety of subjects taught in the elementary school. No specific teachable is required.

Junior/Intermediate (Grades 4 to 10). Teachers at this level must be prepared to teach students all subjects so programs include courses in a variety of subjects taught in the elementary school. Students must also have additional background (3 full course equivalents, except French and Music), in one of the following teachable subjects, with at least one half-course (i.e., a minimum of 0.5 FCE) at the third- or fourth-year level: Computer Studies (Computer Science degree required), English, French as a Second Language (5 FCEs required), Geography, Health and Physical Education, History, Mathematics, Music - Instrumental (Music Degree required), Music - Vocal (Music Degree required), Native Languages, Native Studies, Science - General*, and Visual Arts.

*Sciences used towards the General Science teachable may be a combination of: Anthropology (Science courses only), Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Studies (Science Stream only), Geology (Earth Sciences), and Physics. The Professional Year includes a methodology course on the curriculum and instruction of the teachable subject. In J/I the teachable subject is normally, but not necessarily always, the same as the major subject of the bachelor's degree.

Exception:
Health and Physical Education - Students are not required to have 0.5 FCE at the third or fourth-year level.

Intermediate/Senior (Grades 7 to 12). Intermediate/Senior students must take courses in two teachable subjects, Students must have a minimum of 5 FCEs in their first teachable and a minimum of 3 FCEs in their second teachable. At least one half-course (i.e., a minimum of 0.5 FCE) must be at the third- or fourth-year level in each teachable subject and exceptions to this are noted below.

The following Intermediate/Senior teachable subjects are available at the Faculty of Education at Lakehead University:

Business Studies - Accounting
Computer Studies
English
Environmental Science
French (as a Second Language)
Geography
Health and Physical Education
History
Mathematics
Music - Instrumental
Music - Vocal
Native Languages (with the language stipulated)
Native Studies
Science - Biology
Science - Chemistry
Science - Physics
Science - General
Social Sciences - General
Visual Arts

Exceptions:
Business Studies - Accounting - Business can only be taken as a first teachable. At least 1 FCE of the Business courses must be in Accounting.
Computer Studies - Requires a Computer Science degree.
Environmental Science - Students who designate Environmental Science as a teachable will be streamed into the Outdoor Ecological and Experiential Education (OE3) cohort. Entry into OE3 requires either 5 FCEs (first teachable) or 3 FCEs (second teachable) from any combination of Environmental Science, Environmental Education, Ecological Education, Ecology, Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Geology, Outdoor Recreation, Physics, or up to three from any of the following disciplines: Anthropology; English; Forestry; French, History; Native Studies; Philosophy; Physical Education/Kinesiology; Sociology, or Psychology.
French (as a Second Language) - Requires 5 FCEs in French for a first or second teachable.
Health and Physical Education - Requires a Kinesiology or Physical Education degree if applying as a first teachable. Students applying for health and physical education as a second teachable are not required to have 0.5 FCE at a senior level.
Music - Requires a Music degree.
Native Languages (with the language stipulated) - Students may use a Native Language Teacher Certificate of Qualification from the Ontario College of Teachers to qualify for Native Language as a second teachable.
Science - General - Courses used toward General Science may be any combination of at least two of: Anthropology (Science courses only), Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Studies (Science Stream only), Geology (Earth Sciences), Meteorology and Physics.
Social Sciences - General - Can only be taken as a second teachable (requiring 3 FCEs). Courses counted toward this teachable may be any combination of at least two of: Anthropology, Philosophy, Religious Studies, Psychology, Sociology and Women's Studies.
Visual Arts - Requires a Visual Arts or Fine Arts degree.

The Professional Year includes methodology courses on the curriculum and instruction in the teachable subjects. In I/S the teachable subject is normally, but not necessarily always, the same as the major subject of the bachelor's degree. The second teachable may be the second major of a double major degree, a minor with the major in a bachelor's degree, a recognized minor noted on the student's transcript, or merely the required 3 FCEs (except French, which requires 5 FCEs).


Admission Requirements

See Requirements for Admission to Undergraduate Degree Programs in the Admission Requirements section of this Calendar.

 

Academic Regulations

1. Conditions for Maintaining Status in a Concurrent Program
a) A concurrent education student must meet the requirements of the partner degree.
b) A concurrent education student must maintain a minimum cumulative average of 65%.
c) Students who fail to attain the 65% cumulative average may continue "On Probation" for one year.

2. Conditions for Proceeding into the Professional Year of a Concurrent Degree Program
a) To proceed into the Professional Year of a concurrent bachelor program, a student must have fulfilled all of the requirements of the first, second, and third years of the program with:
- a 65% minimum cumulative average.
- a 60% minimum major average.
- a 65% minimum cumulative average in each teachable.

b) To proceed into the Professional Year of a concurrent honours bachelor program, a student must have fulfilled all of the requirements of the first, second, third, and fourth years of the honours program with:
- a 65% minimum cumulative average.
- a 70% minimum major average.
- a 65% minimum cumulative average in each teachable.

c) Students intending to enter the Professional Year must notify the Department of Undergraduate Studies in Education by November 30 of the preceding year. Students who apply by the November deadline will have until August 15 to provide evidence that they have met requirements.

d) Students who attempt but do not complete the concurrent honours bachelor program may enter the concurrent bachelor Professional Year if they meet the conditions for proceeding into the Professional Year of a concurrent bachelor program. Credits previously taken will qualify for entry into the Professional Year on the understanding that they will not count toward the required courses in the Professional Year.

3. Professional Year Requirements
a) The Professional Year is an integrated program of foundational and methodological studies enhanced through periods of intense practical application, and requires full-time attendance. Students are expected to maintain a professional, responsible approach to both classes and student teaching placements. A student whose attendance is deemed to be unsatisfactory may have his or her registration cancelled at any time. (See University Regulations, VIII Deficiency clause (d).)

b) A student in the Professional Year, whether in the Consecutive or Concurrent program, who has failed to maintain a 65% cumulative average and/or has more than one FCE below 60% will not have met graduation requirements. To address the academic deficiencies, students may repeat up to two FCEs of Professional Year courses in order to raise averages, restore academic standing, and be eligible for graduation and certification.

c) A student who has failed Education 4499 may not repeat the course and is deemed to have failed the program. A student who has failed the program is eligible to apply for re-admission to the University. Other Education courses may be repeated once. 

d) Primary-Junior students are required to demonstrate mathematics proficiency in Education 0450 (Mathematics Competency Exam, Primary-Junior), taken in the Professional Year. Students may write the exam in September and, if unsuccessful, again in March. Students must pass the competency exam at the 75% level to pass Education 0450. Students must pass Education 0450 in order to successfully complete the BEd and be recommended for teacher certification in the Province of Ontario. Students who do not pass Education 0450 may only repeat the course once, and this must be in the following academic year. A grade of "Pass" or "Fail" will appear on the student transcript for each registration in the course.
Note:
Education 0450 is restricted to Professional Year students only.

Junior-Intermediate students are required to demonstrate mathematics proficiency in Education 0451 (Mathematics Competency Exam, Junior-Intermediate), taken in the Professional Year. Students may write the exam in September and, if unsuccessful, again in March. Students must pass the competency exam at the 75% level to pass Education 0451. Students must pass Education 0451 in order to successfully complete the BEd and be recommended for teacher certification in the Province of Ontario. Students who do not pass Education 0451 may only repeat the course once, and this must be in the following academic year. A grade of "Pass" or "Fail" will appear on the student transcript for each registration in the course.
Note:
Education 0451 is restricted to Professional Year students only.

4. Professional Placement
a) Placements for all Professional Year students are arranged by the Faculty of Education with specified partnership boards, school authorities, and band-controlled schools in Ontario. Students on placements must maintain the high professional standards expected of all teachers. To ensure the integrity of the field evaluation process, placements are arranged solely by the institution. Teacher candidates requesting Thunder Bay placements may need to select another partnership board outside of Thunder Bay if sufficient appropriate placements are not available. The University recognizes the role of members of the teaching profession in the education of novice teachers, including their contributions to the recommendation of candidates for certification.

b) Police Background Check
All Ontario publicly-funded schools require that teacher candidates present a valid Police Background Check (PBC). For purposes of the practica served in the Professional Year, PBCs must be obtained through an acceptable provider such as the Thunder Bay Police, Ontario Provincial Police, Ontario Education Services Corporation (OESC), or Toronto Metropolitan Police Services.
Note:
For their fall and winter term practicum placements, students are placed with "partner boards" (educational authorities) in which the school principal or board central office is responsible to verify the police background check of incoming teacher candidates. Students are responsible for determining an appropriate provider and for applying in a timely fashion.

c) TB Documentation
To document that he or she is free of tuberculosis (TB), a teacher candidate undertaking a placement must furnish documentation of this proof, regardless of which partnership board the candidate has chosen for practicum.

d) Safe Practice
Students on placements must maintain the high professional standards expected of all teachers. Safe practice requires that teacher candidates: a) hold the safety and security of students in higher regard than their own rights and privileges; b) maintain classroom routines and expectations; c) cope with the emotional, intellectual and physical, demands of the classroom; and d) provide a safe, secure, environment for children. A teacher candidate may be excluded from the placement when his/her performance is deemed to be unsafe. Unsafe practice is any situation arising from a candidate's interaction with students or colleagues which places these students, colleagues, or the candidate himself/herself at risk or harm.

e) Language Competence in the Practicum
If a teacher candidate's language competence is judged by an associate teacher to compromise effective teaching and learning, the associate teacher should contact the faculty advisor.

If a teacher candidate's command of the English language does not allow for effective communication with the students in his/her classroom, the placement will be terminated. In order to continue to the second practicum placement, the teacher candidate will need to demonstrate to a Practicum Review Committee a professional level of proficiency in the following areas:
i) listening comprehension skills;
ii) pronunciation and articulation;
iii) verbal fluency;
iv) an appropriate range and accuracy of diction;
v) appropriate syntax and usage.

f) Additional Professional Year Placement
Students are required to successfully demonstrate their professionalism, independence, and competence in both of their teaching placements to receive a passing grade in Education 4499. Students are permitted only one additional placement in order to achieve the above standard. Students who have not met this standard by the end of the additional placement attempt will receive a failing grade in Education 4499.

Note:
See University Regulations, Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies Regulations, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities Regulations and Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences Regulations.