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Thunder Bay • Orillia

University Regulations

I General Regulations

(a) Any changes in regulations become effective as approved by the Senate except as indicated in General Regulation 1(c) and (d) below and in the related Graduate Studies regulation of this Calendar. Enquiries regarding regulations should be directed to the Registrar of the University.

(b) Every student in the University is bound by the general regulations listed here and any additional requirements approved by Senate. Students with concerns about final course marks and other academic decisions are to follow the steps outlined in the Academic Appeals Policy. The Senate Academic Appeal Committee acts as the final appeal for students in all cases concerning academic grievances, except those pursued under the auspices of the Code of Student Behaviour and Disciplinary Procedures.

(c) An undergraduate student proceeding to a degree, diploma, or certificate is governed by the academic regulations and program requirements of the Faculty, School, and Department offering the program which are in effect at the time of the student's initial registration in that program, except when a course ceases to be offered and has to be replaced by an alternative or alternatives, or the Faculty decided that some or all students in the program must adhere to subsequent, Senate-approved program changes, or the Faculty decides to order or permit a substitution or substitutions for a required course. The Dean of the Faculty offering the program will immediately inform the Registrar of such exceptions. These exceptions will be allowed only on grounds of benefit to students or of necessity.

(d)Deans' and President's Lists
Deans' List
To be eligible to be on a Deans' List, students must:
(i) be pursuing an undergraduate degree;
(ii) have achieved a term average of 80-89% based on courses taken in the Fall/Winter term as a full-time student;
(iii) meet the approval of the Dean
President's List
To be eligible to be on the President's List, students must:
(i) be pursuing an undergraduate degree;
(ii) have achieved a 90% or higher term average based on courses taken in the Fall/Winter term as a full-time student;
(iii) meet the approval of the Dean and President
Note:
Students pursuing their undergraduate degrees on a part-time basis will be considered for the Deans' List and President's List at the end of the Fall/Winter term in which they will proceed to the next year level. Students should refer to the "Year Level Increments" outlined for their program.

(e) An undergraduate student will progress from one year level to the next based on the number of successfully completed courses. See Faculty Regulations for specific breakdowns.

(f) An undergraduate student not registered for two or more consecutive years must re-apply to enter a program of study and will be governed by the academic regulations and program requirements in effect at the time of readmission with the provisions of University Regulation 1(c) above applying mutatis mutandis. Exceptions to this regulation are for undergraduate students registered in the Faculties of Business Administration, Education, Engineering, Natural Resources Management, and the Schools of Nursing and Social Work, where students are required to re-apply after one year of non-registration and will be governed by the academic regulations and program requirements in effect at the time of readmission.

(g)(i) Letter of Permission - Lakehead University students wishing to take courses at another institution for credit toward a Lakehead University degree MUST have prior approval from the Chair/Director of their program and the Office of the Registrar. Students must complete a "Request for Letter of Permission" form, available from the Registrar's Office. The form must be submitted to the Office of the Registrar, with full supporting documents, prior to applying for admission to the host institution. Students should ensure the course(s) to be taken is not a duplication of course material already covered. Letters of Permission may be granted if the student is in good academic standing (e.g. not on probation), has taken or plans on taking no more than 5 full courses equivalents (for transfer students, this number may be lower, depending upon the number of courses transferred upon admission to the university) at another institution. Students wishing to take courses in their final year of study must have approval from their Departmental Chair and Faculty Dean. Faculty Dean's approval must include a written statement as to how/why the program could not be completed at Lakehead University.
Upon approval of a Letter of Permission, students are required to complete the course(s) during the term(s) specified. Changes will require a revised Letter of Permission. Upon completion of the course(s), it is the student's responsibility to ensure an official transcript is sent from the host institution directly to the Office of the Registrar. If course(s) are taken in a student's graduating year, the transcript is to be received in the Office of the Registrar by May 1st for spring convocation and October 1st for fall convocation.
Credit will be granted for course(s) successfully completed with an equivalent grade of C (60%) or above. A student's record will be annotated with a "TCR" (Transfer Credit) for the equivalent Lakehead University course. Grades received external to Lakehead University will not be included in a students' average calculation.
(ii) Letter of Permission ­ International Exchange - Students interested in taking courses abroad should contact Lakehead International, a division of the Office of Admissions, for information on Exchange Programs and the application process.
Students having been approved for the program will be given a Letter of Permission ­ International Exchange for approved courses. The Letter of Permission will stipulate the required C (60%) as well as the equivalent grade from the host institution. Students are to contact Lakehead International, a division of the Office of Admissions, if their course enrolments change. A revised Letter of Permission will be issued upon approval of the new course(s). Upon completion of the course(s), it is the student's responsibility to have an official transcript sent from the host institution to the Office of the Registrar. If course(s) are taken in graduating year, the transcript is to be received in the Office of the Registrar by May 1st for spring convocation and October 1st for fall convocation.
A student's record is annotated with a "TCR" (Transfer Credit) for the equivalent Lakehead University course. Grades received external to Lakehead University will not be included in a students' average calculation.

(h) A student who wishes to graduate in the current academic year must complete an application form and pay the prescribed fee at the time of registration. A student who does not complete an application form for a degree or diploma shall not be included in the graduation list. The deadlines for such applications are noted in the Graduation dates of the Academic Schedule.

(i) (i) A Lakehead University student, who may wish to qualify for a second Bachelor's Degree in a Faculty other than that in which he/she graduated, must do the equivalent of at least one additional full academic year's work and satisfy all the requirements of the second degree.
(ii) A Lakehead University student concurrently pursuing a double degree program (e.g., BScN/BA) must consult with the appropriate Deans, for program counselling, at least one full academic year prior to expected graduation.

(j) Formal mid-year examinations will be given in all first year courses except with the written permission of the Dean.

(k) A student may not count among his/her electives more than two full course equivalents at the first year level beyond those stipulated in the normal first year requirements.

(l) A student may not take a first year course in the final year of the program or the final two academic terms of the program in the case of programs that do not follow the academic year format, except with the written approval of the Dean of the Faculty.

(m) An honours program which satisfies the requirements for an honours degree in one discipline and also satisfies the major requirements of a second discipline will be called an Honours degree in the first discipline with a Major Concentration in the second discipline. (see Admissions, Program Patterns)

(n) Courses that are cross-calendared can only be counted towards one of the respective majors or one minor.

II Registration

(a) A student proceeding to a degree or diploma must register by the dates established unless permission is granted by the Dean of the Faculty to delay registration.

(b) With the approval of the chair/director of the department/school concerned and the Dean of the Faculty, a student may, within two weeks of the beginning of classes, change registration from one program to another.

(c) all students must consult with academic advisors prior to registration to discuss and have their courses of studies approved.

(d) With the approval of the chair/director of the department/school concerned and the Dean of the Faculty, a change in registration in a course is permitted in accordance with the dates published in the academic schedule.

(e) With the approval of the chair/director of the department/school concerned and the Dean of the Faculty, a student may withdraw voluntarily, with good standing, within the deadline dates as published in the Academic Schedule under the Final Date for Course Withdrawal.

(f) A student on campus must have successfully completed all courses of the first year before registering for any course in the third year and all courses of the second year before registering in the fourth year.

(g) A student who wishes to carry more than the normal number of courses prescribed for a year or for a single term may do so only with the permission of the Chair or Director of the student's program of study and permission of the Dean of the Faculty, and only if at least a B overall average in the previous academic year has been attained.

(h) A student who has maintained at least a "B" average in the last five (5) courses, may take three (3) courses in the combined Spring and Summer Terms. This constitutes the equivalent of a full-time program.
No more than two courses may be taken during the Spring Term.
No more than two courses may be taken during the Summer Term, combining day and evening classes.

III Programs of Study

(a) A student's program must be approved by the chair/director of the department/school and shall be drawn from the courses listed in the calendar for the program in which he/she registers.

(b) Under special circumstances, timetable permitting, exemptions or substitutions may be granted. Applications must be made to the chair/director of the department/school concerned.

V Standing

(a) The relative weight of term work, laboratory work, term tests, and final examinations, as well as eligibility rules for incomplete standing, shall be determined by the instructor and the department concerned. This information must be given to the students by the instructor at the beginning of the course. For courses that include a peer evaluation component, the maximum weight of the peer evaluation component will not exceed 15% of the final grade unless otherwise approved by the head of the academic unit and the Dean.

(b) "D" is the minimum passing grade in all courses, but a higher standard is required in certain areas of concentration. Details of these requirements are clearly stated under the appropriate faculties, departments and schools.

(c) Letter grades signify the following standings:

A+ 90 to 100%
A 1st class standing 80 to 89%
B 70 to 79%
C 60 to 69%
D 50 to 59%
E Failed 40 to 49%
F Failed 1 to 39%
F Academic Dishonesty 0

The minimum grade that can be assigned for any reason other than academic dishonesty shall be 1%.
In the computation of a First Class Standing average, in addition to having attained a minimum overall average of A in the transfer credit courses, students who have completed credits at another institution must have completed a minimum of 2/3 of the courses used in the calculation of the First Class Standing average at Lakehead University.

(d) Aegrotat Standing
Aegrotat Standing confers credit for a course based on an estimated final grade.  Aegrotat Standing will be assigned by the instructor only under exceptional circumstances where he/she considers that credit should be given for the course and where there is no other opportunity for the student to complete the normal course requirements.
If the instructor chooses to make such a recommendation, it must be approved by the Chair/Director of the department/school concerned and the Dean of the Faculty. The recommendation with supporting documentation will be forwarded to the Registrar who will enter a designation "AEG" on the student's record.
No estimated mark may be used in determining the granting of awards.

(e) Incomplete Standing ­ An incomplete grade may, at the discretion of the instructor and in consultation with the student, be assigned to a course when the instructor considers that for a valid reason the student has not yet completed all the requirements of the course. In such cases, when a percentage grade would normally be assigned to the course, the instructor must also assign a grade for work completed to that point, expressed as a portion of the entire course mark. Courses graded on a Pass/Fail basis will be assigned an INC. Incomplete grades will not be included in the calculation of the student's average.

(f) The instructor is obliged to set the due date for the additional work in order to permit submission of the revised grade to the Registrar's Office by the dates listed below:

  Undergraduate Courses Graduate Courses
     
Fall term grades March 1st June 1st (or May 1st if student plans to convocate in Spring)
     
Winter/Full year July 1st September 1st
     
Spring September 1st N/A
     
Summer November 1st January 1st (or November 1st if student plans to convocate in Fall)
     

To clear an incomplete grade the student must complete the outstanding work and a Change of Grade form from the instructor must be received in the Registrar's Office by the appropriate above date. Grades that are not cleared by the appropriate above date will be converted to the numeric grade assigned and at that point will be included in the student's average. Pass/Fail courses with an INC will be converted to F.

(g) Failure, No Withdrawal (FNW) - A student who remains registered in a course but submits or performs no work required for grading will receive a final course grade of Failure, No Withdrawal (FNW). A grade of "FNW" will have no numerical value that could affect a student's average, but for academic regulation purposes the student will be deemed to have failed the course to which it is assigned.

(h) Repeating Courses - A student is permitted to repeat a course only twice. All attempts will appear on the student's transcript. Only the last attempt will be included in the average, unless specified otherwise in the Faculty Regulations. Students do not have the option of choosing which attempt will be included.

VI Reappraisal and Academic Appeals

See the Senate Policy Regarding Reappraisal and Academic Appeals published on the Lakehead University website:

https://www.lakeheadu.ca/faculty-and-staff/policies/regulations/reappraisal-and-academic-appeals

IX Academic Misconduct

The University takes a most serious view of offences against academic honesty such as plagiarism, cheating and impersonation. Penalties for dealing with such offences will be strictly enforced.

The "Code of Student Behaviour and Disciplinary Procedures" including sections on plagiarism and other forms of misconduct may be found on the Lakehead University Senate website. See the Code under Policies - Student Related in the  University Policies at policies.lakeheadu.ca.

The following rules shall govern the treatment of candidates who have been found guilty of attempting to obtain academic credit dishonestly.

(a) The minimum penalty for a candidate found guilty of plagiarism, or of cheating on any part of a course will be a zero for the work concerned.

(b) A candidate found guilty of cheating on a formal examination or a test, or of serious or repeated plagiarism, or of unofficially obtaining a copy of an examination paper before the examination is scheduled to be written, will receive zero for the course and may be expelled from the University.

Students disciplined under the Code of Student Behaviour and Disciplinary Procedures may appeal their case through the Judicial Panel.

Note: "Plagiarism" shall be deemed to include:

1. Plagiarism of ideas as where an idea of an author or speaker is incorporated into the body of an assignment as though it were the writer's idea, i.e. no credit is given the person through referencing or footnoting or endnoting.

2. Plagiarism of words occurs when phrases, sentences, tables or illustrations of an author or speaker are incorporated into the body of a writer's own, i.e. no quotations or indentations (depending on the format followed) are present but referencing or footnoting or endnoting is given.

3. Plagiarism of ideas and words as where words and an idea(s) of an author or speaker are incorporated into the body of a written assignment as though they were the writer's own words and ideas, i.e. no quotations or indentations (depending on format followed) are present and no referencing or footnoting or endnoting is given.

X Withdrawal

(a) Withdrawal from Courses and/or the University:
Students who wish to withdraw from courses and/or the University must do so through Lakehead University's Web access. Students should refer to the course registration, addition and withdrawal dates in the Academic Schedule of Dates section of the Calendar for academic deadline dates, and students should also be aware of deadlines for the refund of fees.

(b) Withdrawals will not be permitted after the posted deadline date. The student will receive a mark based on the work completed and the mark will be counted as part of the student's average except in the circumstances described in Regulation V (g) above.

(c) Petitions:
Late withdrawal without academic penalty may be allowed in cases of illness or other compelling circumstances. A student seeking withdrawal for such reasons must petition the Registrar in writing within two months of the release of final grades, with supporting documentation. In the case of illness a Medical Certificate is required. The Registrar will then consult with the instructor or, if the instructor is not accessible, the Chair/Director of the instructor's academic unit. If the petition is granted, "W" (withdrew) will be assigned to the course. "W" is not considered a mark. In all other cases withdrawal from courses is not permitted after the deadline has passed.

XI Computer Users

Students are responsible for acquainting themselves with the regulations respecting use of University computers. The regulations set forth the rights and obligations of computer users with respect to access, confidentiality and nature of use. A copy of the "Code of Computer Conduct" may be obtained from the Director of Communications Technology Resource Centre.

XII Timely Feedback

Lakehead University recognizes that it is important to provide timely and constructive feedback on all academic work. For all courses, at least 25% (for one term courses) and 30% (for two term courses) of the final grade shall be provided to students prior to the last day to withdraw without academic penalty for the course. Exceptions to the graded feedback include theses, dissertations, pass/fail courses, directed reading courses, seminar courses, independent research study courses, and performance courses. All other exceptions must be approved by the Dean. Exceptions granted should be included on the course outline. The spirit of this regulation should be applied to courses of fewer than 12 weeks.

VII Special Examinations

(a) The privilege of writing special examinations is limited to any undergraduate student who has:
(i) Failed the course but attained a grade of at least 40% in each course for which a special examination is requested OR
(ii) Passed the course but failed to attain the minimum grade required in the course or
(iii) Passed the course but failed to attain the required cumulative average to carry on with his/her program.

For further details concerning special examinations see academic regulations for individual faculties (or schools) in Business Administration; Education; Engineering; Natural Resources Management; Health and Behavioural Sciences (Gerontology, Kinesiology, Nursing, and Social Work); Science and Environmental Studies; and Social Sciences and Humanities (Outdoor Recreation, Parks and Tourism).

(b) Any student who has failed to complete laboratory work, or Practice Teaching, is ineligible for special examinations.

(c) A student eligible to write special examinations may write a maximum of two full course equivalents while registered in any one program. (e.g For diploma program, HBScF degree program, HB Comm/B Admin degree program, etc. Note: Double degree programs such as BA/BEd, BSc/BEd, BA/HBOR, BSc/HBOR, etc. are considered as one program as are the BA or HBA and BSc or HBSc degree programs. Students who change programs from BA to HBA, HBA to BA, BSc to HBSc or HBSc to BSc, etc. are limited to a maximum of two full course equivalents special examinations).

(d) Normally only one special examination may be written in each course, but in exceptional circumstances permission may be given to write a special examination in a course for the second time. Applications should be sent to the Registrar and will be referred to the appropriate Dean and Department/School for consideration.

(e) A student who finds it impossible to write special examinations at Lakehead University may make arrangements, subject to the approval of the Registrar, to write at another centre. Such arrangements should be made before the deadline date as published in the Academic Schedule of Dates in the Special Examinations section under the Final Date to Apply for Special Exams.

(f) Deadline Dates: 
(i) Special examinations for full year courses or for winter term courses shall be written in June.
Special examinations for fall term courses shall be written in January.
Special examinations for courses taken during either the spring or summer term shall be written in August.
Dates for special examinations are published in the Academic Schedule of Dates.
(ii) Applications to write special examinations must be filed at the Office of the Registrar by the deadline dates as published in the Academic Schedule of Dates. These applications must be accompanied by the prescribed fee, which is not refundable.

(g) In the calculation of the revised final grade, the grade obtained on a special examination is treated in exactly the same manner as the grade of the original final examination.

(h) The final letter grade and the revised letter grade will appear on the student's record. The revised final grade shall be counted in any subsequent assessment of standing. Taking a special examination shall not count as an attempt for purposes of Regulation V (h) Repeating Courses. Engineering Degree students please note that any passing Special Examination mark shall carry the letter grade of "D" for application to Faculty of Engineering Academic Regulation #6.

IV Examinations

The Senate constitutes the examining body for all University examinations.

Students who do not comply with the examination regulations are subject to disciplinary action under the Code of Student Behaviour.

(a) The organization of examinations scheduled during the published examination periods as per the Academic Calendar, including awareness of examination regulations for students, posting of the Examination Timetable online, and releasing of final grades is the responsibility of Enrolment Services – Academic Advising, Records & Registration (hereafter referred to as Enrolment Services).

(b) Enrolment Services shall appoint a Chief Invigilator for examinations administered in the C.J. Sanders Fieldhouse examination room. The Chief Invigilator is responsible for the administration of the examinations and the enforcement of examination regulations. The course instructor (or designate) will also be present. For examinations held outside of the C.J. Sanders Fieldhouse, the course instructor (or his/her designate) will serve as the Invigilator for that particular examination.

(c) For each published examination period, an Examination Timetable will be posted online. It will be posted by mid-October for December examinations, and by early February for April examinations. Any changes in the Timetable that become necessary after the Timetable has been posted will be modified online.

(d) Students are responsible to verify the day, time and location of their scheduled examination. Students are required to attend all examinations that are prescribed in any courses in which they are registered.

Exceptions:

Students Registered with Student Accessibility Services
Students registered with Student Accessibility Services who require examination accommodations may be required to write their examination outside of the regular Examination Timetable in order to meet their accommodation needs. Students will be notified through their Lakehead email account of their examination date and time.

Students Requesting Creed and Religious Accommodations
A student who is unable to write a final examination for Creed-based or Religious holidays, leaves, and ritual observations must submit a Creed and Religious Accommodation Agreement (Final Exams) to Enrolment Services no later than three (3) weeks prior to the first day of the start of the final examination period for that term. Enrolment Services, in conjunction with the instructor, will schedule an alternative exam date within the examination period for that term.

(e) Most Lakehead University examinations are three (3) hours in length but this may vary. The Examination Timetable will notate the time length of the examination.

Exam Procedures for Students:

(f) Students will be admitted to the examination room no more than 10 minutes before the examination is scheduled to commence. Students are not permitted to begin the examination, or attempt to review the examination in any way, until instructed to do so by the Invigilator.

(g) Bags, purses, cases and any other belongings must be inaccessible to students during the exam. The Invigilator will assign a designated area where these items can be placed. The University is not responsible for personal property brought into or left in the examination room. Students are advised not to bring these items with them to the examination.

(h) Coats and hats cannot be worn during the examination. These items must be placed in the designated area. Traditional/religious dress wear is acceptable.

(i) No student may enter the examination after the first hour of the allowed examination time. When entering the examination location after the official start time of the examination, the student must notify the Invigilator or Instructor/Designate.

(j) Students shall start writing and cease writing their examination as instructed by the Invigilator.

(k) Students must present, and place, their Lakehead University Student I.D. card on the desk and sign the attendance sheet when presented to them. Students without their Lakehead University Student I.D. will not be permitted to write the examination and will be asked to leave the examination room until the Lakehead University Student I.D. is presented. Students will only be permitted back into the examination room, with their Lakehead University Student I.D., within the first hour of the allowed examination time.

(l) Students are responsible for bringing all supplies required to complete the examination. 

(m) Any form of communication with other students during the examination, such as   speaking, waving, hand gestures, and so on, is not permitted.

(n) Unless specifically stated on the examination paper, or previously approved by the Instructor or Invigilator concerned, books, notes, headphones, calculators, or any other electronic listening and/or viewing devices (including but not limited to cell phones, tablets, watches or any other device with data capabilities, and similar), must be left in the designated area. These items are not permitted at the examination location.

( o) Food and drink are not permitted into the examination room. Only water in clear, unlabelled bottles will be permitted.

(p) Students must remain seated during the examination. If an extra booklet, question, or request to use the washroom arises, students must raise their hand to seek the attention of the Instructor/Designate or Invigilator. The only time a student is permitted to leave his/her seat and/or examination room is when he/she is finished the examination. Students must request to use the washroom during the examination. Only upon approval by the Instructor/Designate or Invigilator, may the student use the washroom facilities.

(q) No student may leave the examination before the end of the first hour of the allowed examination time, even if finished the examination. Before leaving the room the student must immediately, hand in his/her examination to the Instructor/Designate before collecting his/her belongings. Students who are still writing their examination within the last 15 minutes prior to the end of the examination are not permitted to leave the examination room. At the end of the examination, students must remain seated until the exam materials have been collected by the Instructor/Designate and permission by the Invigilator to leave the examination room has been granted.

(r) At the conclusion of an examination, students shall leave with the least distraction to the students still working. Students will not congregate outside the examination room.

(s) Students are responsible for ensuring that the examination paper, along with all papers/booklets and any unused booklets, are submitted to the Instructor/Designate by the end of the examination period.


Examination Cancellation Contingency Plan
The President, or delegate, will decide, in consultation with the Associate Vice-Provost Enrolment & Registrar, or delegate, whether to proceed with or to postpone examinations should extreme weather conditions or any other general emergency which occurs when scheduled examinations are in session.

If the decision is made to postpone examinations, the postponement will apply to all examinations scheduled for a particular day, or part, thereof.

In anticipation of the need of such action, each Examination Timetable will list a contingency date on which any, or all, postponed examinations would be written at the same hour and location as originally scheduled. The date chosen will be the earliest possible date, other than a statutory holiday, following the last day of regularly scheduled examinations. 

Should an examination be rescheduled, students are expected to attend on the rescheduled date. This date must be treated like other examination dates and be kept free of personal conflicts such as travel arrangements, work commitments, and so on.

 

Missed Examinations Due to Illness or Other Extenuating Circumstances

Occasionally, students encounter circumstances beyond their control where they may not be able to write a final examination for reasons such as serious illness or death of an immediate family member. 

In cases where a student misses a formal examination due to an incapacitating illness, the student must have the Certificate of Illness or Incapacitation completed by a Medical Professional and submit the completed form to Enrolment Services no later than three (3) working days after the date of the original final examination. The Certificate of Illness or Incapacitation must be dated as seen by the Medical Professional no later than one (1) working day after the examination.  

In other exceptional circumstances, official supporting documentation must be provided (e.g. copy of a death certificate or letter from the funeral home).

Accommodation shall be granted only when the documentation indicates that the onset, duration and severity of the illness or other circumstances are such that the student could not have reasonably been expected to complete the examination on the scheduled date.

Upon receipt of the Certificate of Illness or Incapacitation or other supporting documentation, Enrolment Services will notify the Instructor who will arrange for the student to write the missed examination. The final grade will be submitted to Enrolment Services as soon as possible after the rescheduled examination has been written.

Students will not be given another opportunity to write the examination if it is missed a second time. In some cases, when extraordinary circumstances beyond a student’s control prevent him/her from completing the rescheduled examination, a student may be eligible to petition Enrolment Services to explain the circumstances.

Certificates from Student Health & Counselling (Thunder Bay campus) will be accepted within three (3) working days after the examination.

 

VIII Deficiency

(a) An honours student who has not met the requirement of a B average in his/her major subject may be permitted, with the approval of the department or departments concerned, to proceed on probation into the succeeding year of his/her program or the next two academic terms of the program in the case of programs that do not follow the academic year format. Should he/she fail to obtain the required average a second time, he/she must transfer to another program. In the event that a student has completed the third or fourth year of an honours program, he/she may apply for a Bachelor's degree if the standing is sufficiently high.

(b) A student having a deficiency of no more than one full course (or its equivalent) of his/her year's work after special examinations, will be permitted to register for the succeeding year of his/her program or the next two academic terms of the program in the case of programs that do not follow the academic format provided that an equivalent amount of the succeeding year's work is deferred.

(c) All faculties limit the number of course failures within a year or a total program, and specify the circumstances in which a student may be readmitted to the faculty. For details concerning course failures and readmission see academic regulations for individual faculties (or schools) in Business Administration; Education; Engineering; Natural Resources Management; Health and Behavioural Sciences (Gerontology, Kinesiology, Nursing, and Social Work); Science and Environmental Studies; and Social Sciences and Humanities (Outdoor Recreation, Parks and Tourism).

(d) A student is required to attend the courses of instruction and the examinations in all subjects prescribed. A student whose attendance at lectures and laboratories is deemed to be unsatisfactory by the Senate may have his registration in that course cancelled at any time.

(e) The Senate may, at any time, ask any student whose work is unsatisfactory to withdraw from the University.