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Psychology Graduate Programs Information

Associate Professor and Chair G. Hayman
   
PHD (PSYCHOLOGY)   
Graduate Co-ordinator A. Maranzan
Core Doctoral  
  M. Bedard (Health Sciences),
  R.B. Davis (Psychology),
  G. Hayman (Psychology),
  J.L. Jamieson(Psychology),
  M. Katzman (Adjunct to Psychology),
  R. Klein (Psychology),
  A. Maranzan (Psychology),
  D.S. Mazmanian (Psychology),
  C. Mushquash (Psychology),
  K. Oinonen (Psychology),
  E.P. Rawana (Psychology),
  F. Schmidt (Adjunct to Psychology),
  S. Sellick (Adjunct to Psychology),
  M.J. Stones (Psychology),
  M. Stroink (Psychology),
  J. Tan (Psychology),
  M.F. Wesner (Psychology)
   
MA (CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY) and MSC (PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE)  
Graduate Co-ordinator A. Maranzan
Core Master's  
  M. Bedard (Health Sciences),
  R.B. Davis (Psychology),
  L. Fiddick (Psychology/Interdisciplinary Studies),
  J. Haggarty (Adjunct to Psychology),
  G. Hayman (Psychology),
  J.L. Jamieson (Psychology),
  M. Katzman (Adjunct to Psychology),
  R. Klein (Psychology),
  A. Maranzan (Psychology),
  D.S. Mazmanian (Psychology),
  C. Mushquash (Psychology),
  K. Oinonen (Psychology),
  E.P. Rawana (Psychology),
  F. Schmidt (Adjunct to Psychology),
  S. Sellick (Adjunct to Psychology),
  M.J. Stones (Psychology),
  M.L. Stroink (Psychology),
  J. Tan (Psychology),
  P. Voros (Adjunct to Psychology),
  M.F. Wesner (Psychology),
Non-Core Membership  
  M. Donaghy (Adjunct to Psychology)
   
Director of Clinical Training Program E.P. Rawana
Clinical Practicum Supervisors B. Coomes,
  R.B. Davis,
  M. Donaghy,
  S. Donaghy,
  A. Holmes, 
  P. Johnston,
  D.S. Mazmanian,
  E. Rawana,
  S. Sellick,
  R. Smith,
  J. Sullivan,
  J. Tan


MASTER OF ARTS DEGREE IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE
DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY DEGREE IN PSYCHOLOGY, CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY DEGREE IN PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE

Lakehead University offers a Master of Arts degree in Clinical Psychology, a Master of Science degree in Psychological Science, and a Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology degree in the two fields of Clinical Psychology and Psychological Science.

The Psychology PhD in the Clinical Psychology field is CPA-accredited. The masters degree normally requires two years of full-time study. The PhD degree normally requires three years of full-time study with the Psychology PhD in the Clinical Psychology field taking an additional year of full-time study for the predoctoral internship, resulting in a maximum of up to five years. Both the Clinical MA and PhD Psychology programs employ the scientist-practitioner model of training. The objective of the Clinical MA program is to prepare students for doctoral-level training. Thus, only students who plan to complete the PhD program should apply to the MA program. Students are trained in clinical and research skills that allow them to pursue a career in professional practice that is informed by science or in academic/research settings that require highly trained clinical psychology researchers. The PhD program in the Clinical Psychology field also has an additional focus on rural, community, and cultural issues.

The PhD program in the Psychological Science field is a research-intensive program in all areas of psychology including biological, cognitive, individual and social bases of behaviour. The masters degree in Psychological Science normally requires two years of full-time study, up to a maximum of four years. The Psychological Science graduate curriculum is based on an apprenticeship model with flexible core courses that are appropriate to a student's research area of focus.

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS

As an exception to the Faculty of Graduate Studies General Admission Requirements regarding Proficiency in the English Language, applicants whose native language is not English and who have not studied in an English school system for more than three years will be required to present proof of English facility by achieving an appropriate standing in one of the following tests: the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with a minimum internet-based score of 100, or a minimum computer-based score of 250, or a minimum paper-based score of 600 with a score of at least 5.0 on the Test of Written Language (TWE); Michigan English Language Assessment Battery (MELAB) with a minimum score of 90; or a Canadian Academic English Language Assessment (CAEL) with a minimum score of 80.

Master's Degrees
Candidates are accepted under the Faculty of Graduate Studies regulations governing the Master's degrees provided they also satisfy the requirements of the Department of Psychology listed below.

As an exception to the Faculty of Graduate Studies application deadline, the application deadline is December 15. Late applications may be considered for admission, but may not be eligible for funding.

MA applicants must hold an Honours Bachelor of Arts or Science degree in Psychology with at least a second class standing. MSc applicants must hold an Honours Bachelor of Arts or Science degree in Psychology, or related interdisciplinary program, with at least a second class standing. Preference in admissions will be given to applicants who have completed an undergraduate thesis or have equivalent research experience. The degree must be from an approved college or university. Students who have not completed a degree course in advanced statistics and experimental design will be required to take Psychology 4111 in addition to the regular requirements for the MA Clinical degree. One advanced course in statistics and experimental design is mandatory for acceptance into the MSc Psychological Science program. Students admitted to the MA Clinical Psychology program must also have an undergraduate course in Psychometrics. Otherwise, they will be required to take Psychology 3201 in addition to the regular requirements for the master's degree. Offers of admission may include any course prerequisites and/or co-requisites. Within the period outlined in the offer of admission, these courses must be successfully completed with a minimum grade of 70%.

Offers for admission and support will be made up to April 1. Applicants who have applied to several university departments may accept these offers up to April 15. After this date, however, offers will be made only to those applicants who clearly state that they are not committed to any other university department.

Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores for Verbal, Quantitative, and Analytical tests are required before an application can be considered for MA or MSc program. Besides official transcripts and letters of recommendations, applications must also include a detailed statement of research interests and objectives plus the name(s) of Psychology faculty for potential masters thesis supervision.

PhD Degrees
The admission requirement into the PhD Psychology program in the Clinical Psychology field is an MA or MSc degree in Clinical Psychology. The admission requirement into the PhD Psychology program in the Psychological Science field is a Psychological Science, Experimental Psychology, Behavioural Neuroscience, or an equivalent MA or MSc degree that is relevant and suitable to a psychological science research area (i.e., biological, cognitive, individual and social bases of behaviour). Besides official transcripts and letters of recommendation, applications must include Graduate Record Exam scores as assessed within the past five years; and a detailed statement of interests and objectives.

As an exception to the Faculty of Graduate Studies application deadline, application deadline is December 15. Late applications may be considered for admission, but may not be eligible for funding.

Note 1:
Students entering the PhD in the Clinical Psychology field with an MA or MSc degree in Clinical Psychology from a university other than Lakehead University must meet all Lakehead MA in Clinical Psychology requirements, including a master's level thesis, and have completed an undergraduate or masters level course in Psychometric Theory on entry or make up the missing non-thesis courses in addition to their PhD course requirements. Students missing the Psychometric Theory requirement must complete as a non-credit course, Psychology 3201 before enrolling in Psychology 6251 (Advanced Assessment Techniques). For example, if Psychology 5201 (or its equivalent) has not been completed during the student's Master's program, it must be completed during the PhD year 1 or 2. The Graduate Studies Committee in Psychology, in consultation with the Director of Clinical Training, will review the equivalency of the applicant's academic background relative to the requirements for an MA degree in Clinical Psychology at Lakehead University (see below for details). Where deficiencies are noted, the candidate will be directed, upon admission, to take the identified course(s) in addition to the course requirements of the PhD program. Applicants to the PhD program who have a master's degree in Clinical Psychology without a master's level thesis will not have their application considered.

Note 2:
Students entering the PhD in the Psychological Science field with an MA or MSc degree from a university other than Lakehead University must meet all Lakehead University MSc requirements, including a master's level thesis, on entry. The Graduate Studies Committee in Psychology, in consultation with the Director of Psychological Science, will review the equivalency of the applicant's academic background relative to the requirements for an MSc degree in Psychological Science at Lakehead University (see below for details). Where deficiencies in research areas are noted, the candidate will be directed, if admitted, to take the identified course(s) in addition to the standard requirements of the PhD program. Applicants to the PhD program who have a master's degree in Psychology (or equivalent) without a master's level thesis will not have their application considered.

ACADEMIC REGULATIONS

MA, MSc and PhD Degrees

A minimum grade of 70% is required in each course (see Graduate Studies Regulations, Minimum Satisfactory Academic Standing) and regular attendance in all graduate courses is mandatory. Consequences of non-attendance will be specified in individual course syllabi.

To ensure that students are progressing satisfactorily toward the achievement of their academic goals, each student's progress is reviewed by the departmental Graduate Studies Committee according to the procedures established by the Department. Should any students be deemed unsuitable to continue for academic reasons or for reasons of personal unsuitability, such students may be requested to withdraw from the program.

PhD Degrees

(a) Course Requirements

(i) PhD, Clinical Psychology Field
In addition, in accord with both CPA and APA guidelines, students must complete four of their six half-courses in each of four cognate areas: biological, cognitive/affective, social/developmental, and individual differences bases of behaviour. A given half-course can fulfill only one of these cognate requirements. Successful completion of graduate level psychology courses taken during the Master's degree program can be counted toward an applicable cognate area, with the approval of the Psychology Graduate Studies Committee. However, such courses will not count as credits towards the PhD degree.

Competence in each cognate area is demonstrated by successfully completing a minimum of one half-course electives in each of the four areas indicated below:

Cognate Areas
I Biological
Psychology 5111 - Cognitive Neuropsychology
Psychology 5471 - Psychopharmacology
Psychology 5475 - Behavioural Endocrinology
Psychology 5491 - Clinical Psychopharmacology
Psychology 5751 - Topics in Biological Psychology
II Cognitive-Affective
Psychology 5075 - Mood Disorders
Psychology 5111 - Cognitive Neuropsychology
III Social-developmental
Psychology 5110 - Interpersonal Behaviour in Psychopathology
Psychology 5130 - Social Cognition
Psychology 5250 - Evaluation in a Health and Social Service Context
Psychology 6331 - Psychosocial Problems Across the Life Span
Psychology 6531 - Community and Rural Psychology
IV Individual Differences
Psychology 5011 - Correctional Psychology
Psychology 5035 - Health Psychology
Psychology 5055 - Eating Disorders and Obesity
Psychology 5211 - Psychogerontology
Psychology 5415 - Learning Disabilities
Across Areas
Psychology 5801 - Specialized Readings and Research Techniques (one FCE)
Psychology 5811 - Specialized Readings and Research Techniques

Note 1:
Students in the Clinical Psychology programs must choose one half-course from each of the four cognate areas. A given half-course can fulfill only one of these cognate requirements. Psychology 5801 and/or Psychology 5811 may substititue for one of the areas. Students in the PhD Clinical Psychology field must have completed the above requirement in either a master's or doctoral program.

Note 2:
These courses are typically offered only every second year.

All psychology graduate courses for which students meet the prerequisites are open to students in the PhD Clinical Psychology field. Some courses are required in order to obtain the PhD degree, whereas other courses are optional. With the approval of the course instructor and the Psychology Graduate Studies Committee, a required course may be waived if a student has successfully completed its equivalent at a graduate level; however, the student must substitute another credit in its place. Requests for course waivers must be submitted and approved at the time of admission to the program. To be considered for a course waiver, the student must submit a formal request to the course instructor, along with the official transcript and institutionally prepared course description(s).

(ii) PhD, Psychological Science Field
Students must complete six half-courses in any of the four cognate areas listed above: biological, cognitive/affective, social/developmental, and individual differences bases of behaviour. While any combination of these courses can be taken it is strongly recommend that students in Psychological Science take courses in areas that are relevant to their research interests. This includes taking electives outside of the Psychology Department up to a maximum of one FCE (i.e., relevant biology or chemistry courses for those researching the neurosciences). Successful completion of graduate level psychology courses taken during the master's degree program will not count as credits towards the PhD degree.

(b) Comprehensive Exams
Comprehensive examinations assess the student's general preparation for the PhD degree and assess specific areas of study in which the student needs further work (content, methodology, and/or theory). The examinations assess the student's ability to integrate material from divergent areas, to reconcile theoretical, methodological, clinical or empirical issues, and to think creatively. All Clinical Psychology and Psychological Science PhD students must take the Science Comprehensive Exam (Psychology 6812). For Clinical Psychology PhD students the Science Comprehensive Exam (Psychology 6812) can be started upon entry into the program and should be completed by the end of PhD Year 3. There is also a Clinical Practice Comprehensive Exam (Psychology 6811) which is offered once per year and is written after completion of all required courses, typically in June of PhD Year 2. For Psychological Science PhD students, the Science Comprehensive consists of two 4-hour, closed-book exams covering two research areas approved by a two-member comittee selected by the student and approved by the Psychological Science Director. The research areas cannot substantially overlap with students' prior thesis or intended dissertation work. Exam grades are pass/fail as assessed by the Science Comprehensive Committee and Psychological Science Director. Psychological Science PhD students must take the Science Comprehensive Exam (Psychology 6812) no later than the beginning of PhD Year 2.

(c) Clinical Psychology and Psychological Science Dissertations
A written dissertation proposal must be submitted to the Dissertation Advisory Committee and defended orally by the candidate to the department, preferably by April 30th of PhD year 2. The oral PhD dissertation examination is the culmination of the candidate's research program. It exposes students' work to scholarly criticism by members of the university and gives them the opportunity to defend it. Students are examined by their Dissertation Advisory Committee and by an examiner from outside Lakehead University who has expertise with regards to the topic of research. Oral examinations are open to all faculty members, students and staff of the university and to the public at large.

(d) Practicum
Approximately one-third of the 600 practicum hours is devoted to assessment, and the remaining two-thirds to intervention practice. The department currently offers practicum placements for psychology graduate students at a relatively large number of sites located locally as well as outside of the city. Students working in these settings are supervised by doctoral-level registered clinical psychologists. All placements must be approved by the Clinical Placement Coordinator prior to the practicum start date.

(e) Internship
Students must complete a twelve-month full-time internship (or its equivalent) that is chosen in consultation with the Director of Clinical Training. Further information regarding requirements prerequisite for application and commencement can be found in the course description of Psychology 6092 (9092).

(f) Time Requirements
The PhD normally requires a minimum of three full-time years at Lakehead University, with a following internship year (CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY).
Candidates shall complete the requirements within five years, including one internship year (CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY) and within four years (PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE) from the time of first registration.
Recommendation for a time extension beyond these limits will be forwarded by the academic unit to the Faculty of Graduate Studies Council for consideration and final approval.
Further information about leaves of absence or time extensions can be found in the Faculty of Graduate Studies Doctoral Regulations. Deadlines for program requirements are found in the Graduate Psychology Clinical Program Manual.

(g) Failure
In addition to the regulations of the Faculty of Graduate Studies, a student who has failed a practicum, an internship, the Clinical Practice Comprehensive Examination (Psychology 6811), or the Science Comprehensive Examination (Psychology 6812), following remediation when appropriate, is deemed to have failed the program.

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY PROFESSIONAL REGULATIONS

In addition to the University Regulations, Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences Regulations, and the Faculty of Graduate Studies Master's Regulations and Doctoral Regulations, of this Calendar, the following regulations of the Department of Psychology also apply to students in the Clinical Psychology MA and PhD programs.

1. Psychology Legislation, Standards, and Guidelines
By accepting a position in the Clinical Psychology MA or PhD Program and registering for the courses in the program, a student agrees to learn and abide by all the legislation, standards, and guidelines relevant to members of the College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO). Prior to any client contact, all students will be required to sign an agreement indicating full compliance with the Regulated Health Professions Act, the Psychology Act, the CPO Standards of Professional Conduct, and the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists. Students must also agree to comply with all applicable provincial and federal laws, and all of the Rules and Code of Conduct of the Provincial Licensing Board of Psychology of any province in which they may train. Failure to abide by any of the legislation, standards, and guidelines could lead to dismissal from the program.

2. Unsafe Practice/Unethical Practice
A practicum or internship clinical training site has the authority to immediately suspend a student from the clinical site on a short-term basis if the site suspects that the student's performance is unsafe or unethical. A clinical training site has the authority to terminate a student's practicum placement if the student's performance is deemed to be unsafe or unethical, and this may ultimately result in termination from the program. Unsafe practice is any situation arising from a student's interaction with a client which places the client and/or student at risk for harm. Unethical practice is any act that violates the principles and values as stated in the CPO Standards of Professional Conduct, and the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists.

3. Professional Suitability
Students in the Clinical Psychology program have the responsibility of producing adequate information for proper evaluation of their professional competence, character, ethics, and other qualifications and for resolving any doubts about such qualifications. As per the CPO, students will be evaluated for competency in five area of skill and knowledge that are important for clinical practice: Interpersonal Relationships, Assessment and Evaluation, Intervention and Consultation, Research, and Ethics and Standards. Evidence of professional unsuitability with respect to any of these areas could lead to termination from the program. Where appropriate, remediation will be attempted first.

4. Clinical Activities
A Registered Psychologist must supervise students' clinical activities in regard to all client contact. Under no circumstance may a student engage in unsupervised practice. Engaging in clinical activities that involve direct billing by the student of a client on a fee-for-service basis is strictly prohibited.

5. Graduate and Clinical Manuals
Students are expected to be familiar with and abide by all the policies and procedures in the Department of Psychology Graduate and Clinical Program Manuals.



For course requirements to complete the programs see:

Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology
Master of Science in Psychological Science
Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology (Specialization in Gerontology)
Master of Science in Psychological Science (Specialization in Gerontology)
Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology (Specialization in Women's Studies)
Master of Science in Psychological Science (Specialization in Women's Studies)

Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, Clinical Psychology
Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, Psychological Science